The main purpose of this paper is to find an answer on the question: How a bill becomes a law? As we know from the reliable sources bill it is a draft law, brought in the parliament in Great Britain and USA. If to be short in bill’s way to the draft law we can say that bill becomes a law after its acceptance and assertion in chambers. It is necessary to look more attentively on this process and we will do it in the next paragraph.
Every bill has its own ways of acceptance but all of them have the same structure and that’s why the general process for making a bill into a law is described in the Constitution, because all processes in government should have well-organized structure and protect country’s citizens rights. First of all, every bill must pass both house of Congress by a majority vote that will show that this bill is really important and after this process of voting it goes to the next step of its way of acceptance. After bill has passed the voting procedure in the Congress, it is sent to the President for his acceptance. The bill becomes a law only after the moment when President decides to sign it. Of course not every bill becomes a law, because the President can reject the bill and put own veto on it. The next point in this process will be the next: the bill returns to Congress for once more discussing and voting. This process will have another structure because according to the Constitution it be accept by a two-thirds majority that allow to the bill becomes a law without the President’s signature. Such process has a title “overriding a veto,” and it not so easy to do owing to the two-thirds majority requirement. The one point in this procedure has the next character that will be described by Silver (1999) who explained it in such way: “Alternately, the President can sit on the bill, taking no action on it at all. If the President takes no action at all, and ten days passes (not including Sundays), the bill becomes law without the President’s signature. However, if the Congress has adjourned before the ten days passes and without a Presidential signature, the bill fails. This is known as a pocket veto.”
Thus, taking into account all above stated it is possible to say that all steps in bill acceptance are important and they formed its legality in compliance with society’s necessities. And for the conclusion we should summarize that to find the power of the law, bill must be reeved through House of Representatives, and through Senate. Since a bill is presented in any of chambers, it is studied by one or a few committees, amendments are brought in it and it puts for the voting and comes for discussion in House of Representatives or Senate. If it reeved by one of these organs, it leaves for a discussion in other. If from Senate and House of Representatives a bill went out in different releases, the members of both chambers meet within the framework of the Conciliatory committee for smoothing out of distinctions.
Burke, J. (1985). “The Bill Novels”. London: John Burke. Retrieved 2009-10-26
Silver, R. (1999). The Bill: The Inside Story: Behind the Scenes of Britain’s Top Police Drama. London: HarperCollins.