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Who is at Risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

It is known that Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD is a serious anxiety disorder which is caused by some terrifying event. In the scenario discussed in this assignment, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological state of both officers. As their activity is connected with danger, death and terrifying events, both of the partners are predisposed to the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder. However, the behavior of the female officer proves the fact that she can easily avoid the anxiety disorder in this situation. She is more rationale and holds in her emotions. It means that she can control her emotions and her thoughts. She is a young officer because she has been an officer for just a year. That is why her life experience cannot be compared with the experience of a 10 year veteran who has already witnessed hundreds of such rough crashes. Of course, this fact influences the psychological state of a person. It is known that one of the symptoms of PTSD is connected with flashbacks, memories concerning terrifying events. The psychologists who study the PTSD state that “confronted with trauma, the brain record every detail about the event – sights, smells, sounds, body sensations, even the thoughts and strong emotions”. (Strong Emotions, 2011, para.3)

As the second partner, who is a 10 year veteran, tends to show his emotions in public, it means that he experiences his emotional instability. Moreover, it denotes that his memories hinder his normal activity. Different life-threatening situations and terrifying events cause inevitable physical response. All the feelings can appear in the unconscious memories and cause strong emotional experience. That is why a 10 year veteran will more likely develop the posttraumatic stress disorder after this rough crash.

The Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms which can be found in an afflicted officer include the following ones: increased anxiety, emotional instability which is connected with intrusive memories and lack of rationale thought. Resiliency factors in this situation include social support and unit morale, while risk factors include low morale, lack of social support, poor family support, lower rank, and others. (Iversen et al., 2008, p.1)

The treatment strategies include both medication and psychotherapy. According to the statistical data, more than 70% of people who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder use combined methods which include both medication and psychotherapy. In case of severe anxiety, the patients with PTSD are prescribed a course of antipsychotics or antidepressants. There are different types of psychotherapy: cognitive therapy, exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy. All the above mentioned treatment strategies can help the patient with PTSD to control their emotions and to improve their psychological state. Moreover, such treatment strategies can help to avoid depression, alcohol and substance abuse which may occur as the consequences of the posttraumatic stress disorder. (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, 2011, para.2)

In conclusion, it is necessary to say that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder can have serious consequences for any individual who is emotionally instable. That is why it is recommended to take appropriate measures in order to avoid this anxiety disorder.

References
Iversen, A., fear, N., Ehlers, A., Hughes, J., Hull, L. (2008) Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychological Medicine 1(12).
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Treatments and Drugs. (2011) Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from: <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/DS00246/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs>
Strong Emotions. (2011) The PTSD Help Network ptsdhelp.net. Retrieved from:< http://www.ptsdhelp.net/id6.html>