The main aim of this paper is to discuss how the role of emperor, senate, and army changed under Augustus as Imperialism evolved.
First of all it is necessary to mention that the problem of the genesis of the Roman power requires a great attention. For instance, the Roman Empire began bitter social struggle apparently related to the ever-increasing class stratification. Foreign policy has acquired imperial character; it ceased to be fair since there began a time of the steady expansion of the Roman frontiers, in which Rome has ceased to reckon with the interests of other nations. In its turn, this led to the fact that old Roman system was unable to manage on such a large area, so after a short period of time the Roman state was in crisis, the only way out which was the creation of a new management system. Therefore, from this time Rome has passed to the more mature stage of development, which has received the name of Roman imperialism in scientific literature.
Describing the role of emperor, senate, and army, it is possible to mention that the role of repressive measures has significantly increased in the arsenal of techniques of power. Terror, being a process of lex maiestatis and extra-judicial violence, was both a manifestation of the change of political regime, and the main means for transforming government. People, who showed disloyalty to the emperor whose identity was provided with a value close to a personification of the state, were punished. Frank (1914) stated that senate became an instrument of power in ruling hands because there began the process of falling values of the senate as an independent republican government. Army was important for the purpose of to help the governor to rule the state and control people. Emperor’s duties were to govern own empire in fair way, to protect people, but there exist some doubts that emperor was able to be as fair as it was possible to be.
Thus, we have observed Roman imperialism with some details, dwelling on the role of emperor, senate, and army.
Frank, T. D. (1914). Roman Imperialism. Macmillan.