Identify a least five prescription or over the counter drugs you may be familiar with at home or in your workplace. What are the routes of exposure? As a result of exposure, did you experience any side effects?
It is known that prescription drugs are defined as medications which can be purchased only with a physician’s prescription. Their action is stronger than the action of over-the–counter drugs. The most popular types of prescription drugs which can be found in the medicine box both at home and in the workplace include the following ones:
- Anti-infective agents. They are used against a great number of bacteria. For example, Cedax is used in case of chronic bronchitis, serious infection of the middle ear, pharyngitis/tonsillitis. The route of exposure is ingestion. Some side effects include diarrhea and headache.
- Cardiovascular drugs. They are used to treat diseases relating to the function of the heart and blood vessels. For example, Adcirca is used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. The route of exposure is ingestion. Some side effects include headache, dyspepsia, and back pain.
- Central nervous system agents. They are used to treat memory loss, migraine headaches, Alzheimer’s Disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and others. For example, Amerge is used in case of acute migraine. The route of exposure is ingestion. Some side effects include nausea.
- Respiratory type agents. They are used in order to treat some respiratory diseases, such as asthma, bronchitis, and others. For example, Atrovent helps to treat runny nose due to allergies and cold. It is a nasal spray. The route of exposure is inhalation. The side effects include transient nasal dryness, and nasal bleeding.
- Dermatology drugs. They are used in cases of skin disorders, such as congenital skin diseases, genital herpes, liposuction, psoriasis, and different skin wounds. For example, Iamin is used for dressing of different types of wounds. The route of exposure is absorption. There are no side effects.
MediLexicon. Prescription Drugs. (2011) Retrieved