The patient rehabilitation is extremely important for the recovery of patients and their reintegration in their normal, regular social life. In this regard, health care professionals need to develop effective approaches to the treatment and rehabilitation of patients but they need to take into consideration environmental factors that may affect consistently the rehabilitation of patients. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that patients are vulnerable to the impact of flexible and static environmental factors that case managers and health care professionals should take into consideration, while working with patients and developing action plan to rehabilitate patients effectively. In fact, health care professionals and case managers should be aware of a considerable impact of environmental factors and affect the rehabilitation of patients but health care professionals and case managers should take into consideration both flexible and static environmental factors to treat patients efficiently an help the to rehabilitate fast.
In actuality, specialists () argue that environmental factors can have a significant impact on the rehabilitation of patients. Environmental factors are flexible and static. They differ in the way of their impact on patients because flexible factors are changeable and they can vary to enhance or decrease the impact of health care professionals and case managers on the treatment and rehabilitation of patients. In contrast, static factors can hardly be changed and they are standard that means that they are applied to all patients and the process of treatment and rehabilitation.
At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that static factors include health care environment, methods of treatment, and social services available to patients. These factors are stable and do not vary much. Instead, they are universally applied to all patients and their impact does not vary much, although their impact can change under the impact of flexible factors. Flexible factors include patients’ family, social environment, psychology of patients and counseling services offered by health care professionals and case managers. These factors are not universal and they change depending on the patient. Therefore, the rehabilitation may differ depending on the flexible factors, which vary and case managers should take them into consideration, while developing their action plans. The following graph reveals the effectiveness of static and flexible factors and their impact on the rehabilitation of patients:
In such a way, it is obvious that flexible factors are basically more effective compared to static factors. At any rate they affect the rehabilitation of patients more significantly and their impact is hard to forecast for a case manager. For instance, the patient may depend on the support of the family and, if the patient suffers from the lack of the support from the part of his or her family, the case manager may face considerable problems with the rehabilitation of the patient because the case manager cannot replace the family for the patient.
In order to overcome such challenges, patients need to develop effective strategies that allow them to focus patients’ attention on the environmental factors that are the most effective for the treatment and rehabilitation of the patient. In this regard, contemporary case managers have more diverse tools compared to case managers in the 1960s, when case managers dealt with static factors mainly, paying little attention to flexible factors, which are very important for contemporary case managers.
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