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Sichuan Province Wildlife for Pandas

In the current essay I would like to consider how the wildlife area in Sichuan province for Pandas looks today. It should be noted that today pandas are on the verge of extinction. However, one of the main reserves for giant pandas remains Sichuan province, which is one of the places of their natural habitat.

As a matter of fact from time to time (for different types of period ranges from 15 to 100 years), bamboo blooms, and then dies. A single array of forest pandas just would have taken from the disaster area, and if some of their number died of starvation, after several years of their territory would be settled by other animals. However, the inhabitants of small islands of forest have nowhere to go. Thus, in mid-1970-ies, because of the simultaneous withering away of several species of bamboo in the north of Sichuan at least 124 giant pandas had died from hunger. After this tragedy, the Chinese government took active measures with the salvation of the beast, which by that time was an informal character of the country. Currently, pandas have 40 special areas, which cover almost the entire territory and there is a plan to create so-called “bamboo corridors” between these areas. Moreover, hunting for giant pandas is totally prohibited since 1962 with a strict punishment up to execution, according to Adam Sparks (2010).

The main area of wildlife for pandas in Sichuan province remains the Wolong National Nature Reserve, which is located in Wenchuan region. It was founded in 1963 and covers an area of 200.000 hectares in the Qionglai mountain region. It can be said that there are 4.000 different species recorded in this reserve. Moreover, this is a home for more than 150 giant pandas. The reserve is habitat for many endangered species, including red golden deer, white muzzle and a wide variety of plants. As a fact, Wolong has more than 100.000 visitors every year. It is essential to note that in June 1980, thanks to the efforts of the WWF, nongovernmental organizations and the Chinese government was founded Wolong Research and Conservation Center for Giant Panda, which plays the key role in the matter of study and further breeding of pandas, according to Giant Panda Threats. (2011).

Also, Chinese authorities created a number of nurseries for breeding giant pandas in captivity in Sichuan province. The most famous of them is the Vulun Center, where currently live more than 80 animals. Scientist began to study pandas and put them in special sanctuaries and zoos in order to understand why bears are dying. There had been created all sorts of conditions to pandas, but researchers noticed that the pandas were simply not willing to breed in captivity, according to Why Are Pandas Becoming Extinct? (2010). At the present time WWF and the Chinese government, as well as a number of international non-profit and commercial organizations and national parks and reserves of various countries are making joint efforts to prepare and implement joint programs to maintain the population of pandas. Of course, all these measures characterize that Chinese government try to save giant pandas from complete vanishing and, without any doubts, Sichuan province and its local authorities play a key role in its important matter, because it is natural habitat of this beautiful animal.

References

Adam Sparks (2010). Why Are Giant Pandas Becoming Extinct? Retrieved June 4, 2011 from http://www.ehow.com/about_6595494_giant-pandas-becoming-extinct_.html
Giant Panda Threats. (2011). Retrieved June 7, 2011 from http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/finder/giantpanda/threats.html
Why Are Pandas Becoming Extinct? (2010). Retrieved June 4, 2011 from http://www.blurtit.com/q151796.html