This paper introduces the information on school violence and bullying. It explores the main causes of school violence, describes the forms of school bullying, and observes how the IACP membership prevents youth crime and bullying.
Nowadays, the problem of bullying represents one of the pressing problems of our time that requires a careful study.Generally, the children who bullied are motivated by a strong desire to raise their popularity, overthrow the competitors, revenge, satisfy their sadistic needs, etc. The last desire becomes apparent in a certain category of accented and disharmonious personalities.The experts regard the insults, threats, physical aggression, constant negative assessment of the victim and his/her activities, refusal to trust and delegation of authority, etc. as manifestations of bullying.
Thus, bullying is a social phenomenon, a form of aggressive behavior which mainly becomes apparent in children’s groups, classes, school buses, bathrooms, physical education activities, etc. Supporting this point of view, Barman (1984) stated that “bullying – systematic ridicule combined with physical abuse – was a fact of life in every school” (p. 102).Bullying is a prolonged process of deliberate abuse, physical and/or mental, from one or a group of children to another child (other children).
In addition, bullying manifests through various forms of physical and/or mental harassment experienced by the children from other children. These forms include: systematic ridicule, physical abuse that degrades human dignity, damage to personal belongings, etc.
Thus, school bullying should be divided into two main forms:
- Physical bullying at school: the deliberate kicks, punches, beatings, injuries, and others:
- sexual bullying is a subspecies of the physical (sexual assault).
- Psychological bullying at school: violence related to the action of the psyche, causing psychological harm by verbal abuse or threats, harassment, intimidation, which is intentionally inflicted emotional insecurity.
This form may include:
- verbal bullying (an insulting word, teasing, negative rumors, etc.);
- offensive gestures or actions (spit at the victim);
- isolation (a victim is deliberately isolated, ignored by a group of students or whole class);
- extortion (money, food and other things, forced to steal something);
- damage to a victim’s belongings (theft, burglary, hiding personal belongings of the victim).
School cyber-bullying: the use of the mobile phones, Internet and other electronic devices in order to harm, harass or threaten another person.
The initiators of bullying may also be children who:
- dream to be a leader in the classroom;
- wish to be in the spotlight;
- have high aspirations;
- are confident of their superiority over the victim;
- do not recognize compromises;
- are aggressive and violent;
The IACP membership work with different schools in order to create the violence prevention programs and plans that will help to reduce bullying and youth crime. In addition, they provide a huge number of materials concerning school violence and bullying prevention.
Moreover, the IACP membership provides police training that include the following:
- Identify the causes of school violence and bullying;
- Train the officers how to deal with schools teachers, social workers, administrators, etc.;
- Teach the officers how to prepare the school safety and security assessments;
- Identify the factors that influence school violence and bullying.
Their major activities and responsibilities are as follows:
- Develop friendly partnerships and closely cooperate with area schools;
- Work with parents, teachers and consult with specialists, administrators about school security;
- Visit the homes of difficult children and identify whether theirparents have been abusive or maybe neglectful;
- Give schools, parents, children the necessary recommendations and provide them with police department resources;
- Teach them and give some examples how and when they should call the police.
How to prevent children from being aggressive and violent:
It is important to teach your child to respect the rights of others. Do not think that the child will learn this by himself. Explain what a man feels when he is treated badly. Teach your child to treat other people the way you wish them to treat you. It is necessary to adhere to the strict rules regarding bad behaviors with others. The child always behaves exactly like their parents. Pay specific attention to your manner of dealing with people. Furthermore, role playing can teach teenagers to reach the desired goals by making a compromise. In addition to the above-stated information, it is recommended to let your child know that you like his good behavior. Encourage and praise him when he shows courtesy and tolerance in dealing with others.
Taking the above-mentioned information into consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that school violence and bullying are the systemic and complex phenomena. Therefore, preventing school violence is a major task of any state, as cruelty to children inevitably leads to the negative consequences. In addition, school teachers and social workers along with doctors, therapists and psychologists should be also engaged in this process and provide help for children who have been harassed and bullied by their peers and classmates.
Barman, J. A. (1984).Growing Up British in British Columbia: Boys in Private School. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.