It should be noted that behavior based safety process system (BBSPS) describes a modern approach to safety, based on behavioral analysis. According to it, unsafe behavior of workers should be changed through positive intervention. It can be said that there are three basic principles for BBSPS: praise of appropriate behavior; continuity as a clear commitment to workplace safety; timely praise, which increases effectiveness.Praise of appropriate behavior means that personnel should be responsible for their behavior and, consequently, do not violate the rules and normative. This principle includes such factors as praise and recognition, financial incentives, time saving, labor or other relief determined. Another very important principle of BBSPS is the continuity. It means that risky or unsafe behavior will be tolerated and even sanctioned if this affects the credibility. In other words, any unsafe behavior must be addressed. The third factor in the behavior change is timely praise, which increases effectiveness. It means that when a positive behavior is shown, it should be pronounced with a word of praise immediately, not after days. Without any doubts this contributes to the personnel effectiveness.
In turn, the concept of safety culture was introduced to make the relevant factors in an organization tangibly affecting the safety-related behavior of employees within an organization. A developed safety culture leads to a permanent awareness of the safety significance of events and issues and keeps the awareness of safety-critical things. The International Atomic Energy Agency in 1991 defined safety culture as follows: “Safety culture is the sum of all characteristics and attitudes in organizations and individuals, which assures get that as the top priority issues of nuclear safety the attention they deserve because of their significance”, according to M.D. Cooper (2006).
I presume that in safety culture concept such passive factors as the habit of underestimating the probability of an accident and the illusion of own invulnerability of workers are underestimated. The point lies in the fact, that when a person does certain activity all day long for years, he begins to believe that can easily carry out his work without concentrating or with doing several activities at once. All these factors affect everyday behavior and feelings toward security measures. In my opinion, if you want to improve safety awareness throughout the company and the long term, you have to deal with it in detail.
M.D. Cooper (2006). Towards a model of safety culture. Retrieved September 21 from http://www.behavioral-safety.com/articles/Towards_a_model_of_safety_culture.pdf