Smoking is a serious problem that threatens not only to the health of smokers but also to the public health because they expose non-smokers to the threat, if they are exposed to smoking. Today, people grow conscious of the necessity of giving up smoking. However, many smokers smoke to give up smoking. In actuality, this is a mere attempt to postpone giving up smoking or just use this strategy to keep smoking. The study involved smokers, psychologists and health care professionals to reveal reasons why people smoke with the aim to quit smoking. Smokers attempted to justify their smoking by different reasons but, in actuality, they just attempt to postpone giving up smoking and they need the assistance of their relatives or professionals, such as psychologists or health care professionals to give up smoking.
Today, the problem of smoking is one of the major challenges to the health of individuals and public health online. Smoking threatens to the health of smokers as well as non-smokers but many people keep smoking being unable to quite the dangerous habit. They keep smoking not only because they are not willing to give up smoking but just because they cannot do that. In this regard, people start looking for effective ways to give up smoking.
In actuality, people grow more and more concerned with giving up smoking because they are conscious of numerous risks and threats they expose their own health and health of people around them. Smoking increases substantially the risk of the development of serious heart diseases, lung cancer, asthma, and other health problems that threaten not only to the health of people but also to their life. In such a situation, the choice of effective ways of giving up smoking is essential because many smokers attempt to quite the dangerous habit but not all of them succeed in this regard, whereas many people resume smoking after certain break in smoking.
In fact, it is worth mentioning bets, promises, rivalry, use of special medication, changing the lifestyle, and other methods among the most popular methods of giving up smoking. However, there are some very unusual ways of giving up smoking. Paradoxically, some people smoke to quit smoking, although this method seems to be absolutely ineffective for, in spite of the intent to give up smoking, smokers carry on smoking. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that normally people reduce the amount of cigarettes they smoke but still they do not quite smoking. As a result, they still expose themselves and their environment to risks and threats associated with smoking. In such a context, it is very important to study why people smoke with the aim of quitting smoking because this will help to elaborate strategies that may facilitate quitting smoking for smokers. In this regard, it is possible to presuppose that people smoke to quit smoking just because they have substantial psychological barriers and certain physiological addiction.
In order to study the problem of quitting smoking and to understand reasons why people smoke with the aim of quitting smoking, the use of qualitative methods of research can be very helpful. The use of quantitative methods of research will not work because quantitative methods can just reveal basic trends in the quantity of smokers and those who succeeded to give up smoking. In such a context, the use of qualitative methods of analysis is crucial because it helps to trace qualitative changes caused by the use of technologies as well as their impact on students and learning process. For instance, it is possible to use interviews and questionnaires involving educators, technology specialists, and students to obtain information on the impact of technologies on students and education at large. In fact, interviews and questionnaires can reveal the fact whether technologies have already brought any positive changes in education or not and it is possible to find out the attitude of both educators and students to these changes. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a qualitative assessment of the impact of changes in technology and its implementation on students and education. In addition, interviews and questionnaires can help to trace major effects of technologies use in schools on students. For instance, it is possible to obtain information on whether the quality of education has improved or not; whether learning process has become easier or not; and so on. In this respect, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that the research should involve not only students but also educators. Moreover, technology specialists should also be involved into the research, including interviews and questionnaires to understand prospects of the implementation of technologies in schools in the future. For instance, it is possible to identify the most prospective technologies as well as their applicability to school setting. In fact, it is only technology specialists who can identify clearly the extent to which technologies can be applied in schools.
Finally, literature review should accomplish the research because it will help to take into consideration the existing researches dedicated to the problem of the use of technologies in schools. The experience of other researchers is very effective in terms of the revelation of major trends in the development of modern technologies, their application to school setting, and their impact on students along with their prospects in the future. In such a way, literature review can help to conduct a reliable and valid research.
The subjects of the study are smokers, psychologists, and health care professionals. Smokers can uncover their personal experience of smoking and attempts to give up smoking. Psychologists can help to uncover psychological aspects of smoking and quitting smoking, whereas health care professionals can help to uncover physiological aspects of the problem.
In terms of the current study, interviews and questionnaires were used to obtain the opinion of smokers, psychologists and health care professionals concerning reasons why people smoke with the aim of quitting smoking. Interviews and questionnaires help to reveal the opinion of experts as well as personal opinion of people involved in the problem of quitting smoking and smoking to quit smoking.
In addition, the study will use focus groups comprised of smokers, psychologists, and health care professionals. These focus groups will help to reveal the essence of the problem and reasons why smokers cannot give up smoking and why they carry on smoking to quit smoking. Smokers can reveal their personal experience in the course of the discussion and studying the problem in focus groups, whereas psychologists and health care professionals can provide the expertise opinion on the subject matter of the study. In such a way, the combination of the expertise opinion along with the personal experience of smokers provides the study with the blend of objective, scientifically grounded opinion of experts and the subjective opinion of smokers based on their personal experience.
The current study has revealed the fact that the overwhelming majority of people attempting to give up smoking have substantial difficulties. Smokers interviewed in the course of the study have defined the strong desire to smoke as one of the major reasons why they cannot just stop smoking. What is meant here is the fact that they have a strong desire to smoke to the extent that they cannot resist to this desire and they just smoke even if they have decided to give up smoking. In this regard, many smokers point out that they smoke less, when they take a decision to give up smoking. However, they cannot stop smoking immediately. Many smokers pointed out that they felt certain discomfort as they decided to give up smoking. They felt discomfort until they started smoking a cigarette. The longer they restrained from smoking, the more they suffered from growing discomfort. In this regard, the discomfort of smokers have different manifestations but, as a rule, they felt anxiety, which could outgrow into aggression; they grew nervous and aggressive; they had difficulties with focusing on tasks they attempted to perform; and other problems. To reduce the discomfort, smokers smoked a cigarette and they felt relief, sometimes close to euphoria. This is why many smokers believe that they smoke with the aim of quitting smoking to facilitate the process of quitting. They believe that quitting smoking abruptly is too painful and causes discomfort or even sufferings in smokers. In this regard, health care professionals pointed out that smoking to quit smoking was a response of human body to the addiction smokers had already developed. Physiologically their bodies were accustomed to smoking and quitting smoking provoked the painful and stressful reaction of the body of smokers.
On the other hand, many smokers agreed that they smoke just to postpone giving up smoking. In this regard, many psychologists agreed with smokers. To put it more precisely, they argued that smokers smoked because, in actuality, they were unable to give up smoking. Even if they promised to quit smoking, they could find different reasons to continue smoking. Psychologists pointed out that smokers developed a sort of defensive mechanism as they continued smoking and found different reasons to smoke with the aim of quitting smoking.
The general trend that could be traced in individuals, who attempted to give up smoking and for this purpose smoked was the decrease in number of cigarettes smoked per a day is viewed a step toward quitting smoking. Smokers explained the reduction of the amount of cigarettes smoked by their plan, which led toward the complete quitting smoking. In this regard, psychologists supported the planning of the process of quitting smoking because they believe that planning makes the process of quitting smoking more conscious and effective.
Obviously, smokers have serious psychological problems with giving up smoking. Smoking becomes a deep-rooted habit many smokers are just not ready to refuse from, even if they decide or promise to give up smoking. In fact, smokers have a habit that makes them dependent on smoking. They have difficulties with refusing from the habit and this is why they smoke, at least from time to time, in the course of a day, when they decide to quit smoking. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that often smokers smoke in reward for certain achievements. They attempt to quit smoking but from time to time they please themselves with smoking a cigarette as a reward for accomplishment of a difficult, for instance. However, this approach is ineffective because, as psychologists point out, smokers develop positive associations with smoking that makes the process of quitting smoking even more difficult. If smokers view smoking as a reward, smoking brings them pleasure and positive associations they develop in regard to smoking prevents them from total giving up smoking.
On the other hand, the steady reduction of smoking through the reduction of the amount of cigarettes smoked per day may involve the plan of smokers to give up smoking. In this regard, psychologists support them because it is true that the implementation of the plan strictly helps smokers to give smoking, whereas abrupt quitting smoking raises psychological problems and often unsurpassable barriers.
At this point, it is possible to refer to the expert opinion of health care professionals, who argue that smokers develop a physiological addiction to smoking. In fact, smoking evokes not only positive emotions in smokers but also leads to physiological changes as their body grows accustomed to smoking. As a result, when smokers decide to give up smoking, their body comes unprepared to such a decision and needs some time for adaptation to the new lifestyle of a smoker. To put it in simple words, a smoker is accustomed to the regular intoxication and, if he or she gives up smoking, the body suffers from the lack of substances, including nicotine, which the body received through smoking. In such a context, health care professionals argue that smokers do need to give up smoking steadily because through the decrease of the degree of intoxication, they can reduce the painful effect of quitting smoking. In such a way, the physiological addiction of smokers to smoking can explain why smokers smoke to quit smoking. However, at this point, it is important to remember that smokers should reduce the amount of cigarettes systematically and eventually give up smoking totally. Otherwise, their reduction of the amount of cigarettes smoked on the regular basis becomes pointless.
In this regard, smokers need to overcome a psychological barrier because they have substantial difficulties while refusing from the habit they have already accustomed to. The psychological barrier is particularly high for experienced smokers, who smoke for years. The shorter is the time people smoke the easier the process of quitting smoking will be. If the habit is relatively new, people are unlikely to face problems with giving up smoking. Moreover, inexperienced smokers can give up smoking fast and often they do not need to continue smoking. Instead, they just can give up smoking as soon as they take the decision to do it. In contrast, smokers with extensive experience of smoking have substantial difficulties not only because of the physiological addiction to smoking but also because of high psychological barriers. They are so accustomed to smoking that they cannot refuse from this habit. In the most severe cases, smokers keep smoking, even if smoking threatens to their health and life and if the threat is real, for instance, when a smoker gets a heart disease. Naturally, such smokers can find any reason to smoke, even if they agree that they have to give up smoking and if they promised to do it.
As a rule, such people keep smoking to quit smoking to postpone quitting or just to pretend that they are quitting. What is meant here is the fact that smokers just cannot give up smoking. Therefore, they reduce the amount of cigarettes but do not give up smoking. They postpone quitting smoking over and over again but still every next “last” cigarette smoke just becomes another cigarette on what they believe to be their way to quitting smoking. In actuality, this is the way to ongoing smoking.
However, specialists, both psychologists and health care professionals, agree that smokers have to take the decision to give up smoking. This is the first and the most important step toward quitting smoking. If they take this decision, they may continue smoking for certain time. At this point, it is extremely important that people smoke to quit smoking to facilitate the process of quitting but not to carry on smoking. This means that they should reduce steadily the amount of cigarettes they smoke to eventually end up with the total refusal from cigarettes and smoking. If a person smoke to give up smoking, he or she often needs the assistance of a psychologist because normally people smoke with the aim of quitting smoking because it is difficult for them to quit smoking. Therefore, relatives should help smokers to quit their dangerous habit and recommend the smoker to use the professional aid of psychologist or other professional, who can help the smoker to put the end to his or her dangerous habit.
Finally, people keep smoking to quit smoking just because they are accustomed to smoke and they have no activity to feel the time they used to spend on smoking. In such a situation, smokers just need to replace smoking by another habit or activity, which can take not only their time but also their mind and distract them from smoking. In such a way, smokers will distract from smoking and thinking about smoking that facilitate the process of quitting smoking.
Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that smoking is extremely dangerous to human health. Today, people grow conscious of numerous risks and threats they expose themselves and their social environment as they smoke. Naturally, they attempt to give up smoking to divert potential risks and threats to their health and life. However, they face substantial difficulties while giving up smoking. They may use different methods and techniques which may be more or less effective but often they continue smoking to quit smoking. The latter is quite paradoxical but still this problem exists. However, smokers are not fully responsible for this problem because, if they have been smoking for a long time, they have developed addiction to smoking. Therefore, they cannot refuse from smoking because of the physiological addiction. In addition, high psychological barriers emerge, if people have been smoking for a long time. As a result, they smoke with the aim of quitting smoking justifying their habit by the necessity to smoke, reducing steadily the amount of cigarettes they smoke on the daily basis. However, this is a controversial way to give up smoking because smokers can slip to smoking again, instead of quitting smoking.
At this point, people should take the decision to give up smoking. In such a way, they can start the way to quitting smoking but they should have a clear plan how and when they should give up smoking totally. Moreover, they should fulfill this plan accurately. In this regard, the assistance of psychologists, relatives, or professionals, who can help smokers to give up smoking may be needed. Nevertheless, if a person has taken a decision to give up smoking, he or she can meet this goal, even he or she smokes because through reducing the amount of cigarettes smoked, the person can arrive to the point when he or she quits smoking pointblank.
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