English policing had a significant impact on the development of American policing. Historically, English policing was developed as a part of the royal law enforcement agencies. America was the colony of Great Britain. Naturally, the American policing was vulnerable to the impact of English policing. However, the impact of English policing on American policing was limited because they developed in different ways, although the methodology of work of law enforcement agents was still vulnerable to the impact of Great Britain.
In this respect, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the development of English policing and American policing occurred in different ways. On the one hand, English policing developed under the strict control and in terms of policies conducted by the British government (Carnes and Garraty, 2007). In such a way, English policing developed as a part of the royal law enforcement service, which led to the formation of the well-structured organization subordinated to the organizational hierarchy.
On the other hand, American policing developed independently of the impact of the authorities. Initially, American policing emerged as self-organized militia, which maintained laws and norms accepted within the community. The self-regulation was the major principle of American policing (Kennedy, Bailey, and Cohen, 2001). In contrast to English policing, American policing did not have the well-organized structure with the complex hierarchy. Instead, American policing had independent units which operated within the local community.
In such a way, the historical difference in the development of American and English policing determined the difference not only in methods used by law enforcement agencies of the US and Great Britain but also their organizational structure.
Carnes, M.C. and J.A. Garraty. (2007). The American Nation. New York: Longman.
Kennedy, D., Bailey, T. and L. Cohen. (2001). The American Pageant. New York: Wadsworth Publishing.