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Presidential Campaign: 1952 vs 2008

The Presidential Campaign of 1952 and 2008 are distant in time and they focused on different issues but still it is possible to trace certain similarities between these two campaigns as well as substantial differences. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that both presidential campaigns were characterized by heat political debates between opponents and highly controversial issues discussed by the society. The two presidential campaigns seem to be absolutely different but, at the same time, they were conducted in similar historical context, for the US was involved in wars in 1952 and in 2008 and, what is more, the country suffered from the economic recession. Therefore, the presidential campaign of 1952 and the presidential campaign of 2008 had both similarities and differences. At the same time, both political campaigns were characterized by great political tension and the struggle between the major rivals, who attempted to take control over the White House. In such a way, the presidential campaigns of 1952 and 2008 were quite different but they had the high political tension and they were closely intertwined with international and economic policies of the US.

On analyzing both presidential campaigns, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that they were characterized by the high political tension because they marked the turning point, when the Republican and Democratic Party were about to lose control over the White House. At the same time, candidates attempted to take control and to conduct policies that match their vision. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that the presidential campaign was the campaign, when Republicans attempted to put the end to the 20 years rule of Democrats, whereas the presidential campaign of 2008 was the campaign, when Democrats attempted to put the end to eight years of the Presidency of G.W. Bush, who was the representative of the Republican Party.

Furthermore, while comparing both presidential campaigns, it is important to take into consideration socio-political context and international situation. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that the war and necessity to withdraw the US troops from Korea in 1952 and from Afghanistan and Iraq in 2008 affected consistently both presidential campaigns. What is meant here is the fact that the presidential campaign of 1952 occurred in the context of the growing tension between the US and the USSR. The emergence of the Cold War affected consistently the presidential campaign of 1952, whereas the US was involved in the war in Korea. In such a way, in the presidential campaign of 1952, candidates argued on the resolution of the war in Korea and Eisenhower was associated with the war hero, who has proved to be victorious in World War II and many Americans believed that he could bring the US to the victory in Korea and he would put the end to the war fast. At the same time, Obama, who won the presidential elections in 2008, insisted on the fast ending of the war in Iraq and Afghanistan and withdrawal of the US troops from those countries. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that Americans grew dissatisfied with the US involvement in military conflicts in Asia in 1952 and 2008. Therefore, the Americans voted for candidates, whom they believed to be capable to put the end to the war and return American soldiers back to the US.

In addition, the economic recession that affected the US in the early 1950s and 2008 had a considerable impact on presidential campaigns. In such a way, both presidential campaigns were accompanied by the aggravating economic recession. Therefore, Americans were interested in consistent socioeconomic changes that could improve the economic situation in the US and boost the economic development of the country. At the same time, the depth of the economic recession in 2008 was much deeper compared to 1952.
Furthermore, the presidential campaign of 1952 was the competition between the war hero D. Eisenhower and the eloquent orator A. Stevenson. Eventually, Eisenhower won. In such a way, Americans voted for the war hero, whom they believed to be capable to put the end to the war, to improve the economic situation fast and solve problems of Americans. Similarly, the presidential campaign of 2008 was the rival between the candidate with the military background McCain and the eloquent orator Obama. However, unlike the presidential campaign of 1952, in case of the presidential campaign of 2008 Obama won. This means that Americans voted for the eloquent orator but not for the candidate with the military background and such a choice of Americans quite the opposite compared to the outcome of the presidential campaign of 1952.

In addition, it is worth mentioning the fact that Eisenhower was the Republican, who put the end to 20 years of the Democrats control over the White House, while Obama was the Democrat, who put the end to the Republican presidency from 2000 to 2008. Therefore, the presidential campaigns of 1952 and 2008 put the end to the presidency of Democrats and Republicans respectively.

Furthermore, it is worth mentioning the fact that Eisenhower was one of the oldest men to become the President of the US, whereas Obama was one of the youngest men to become the President of the US. In such a way, the personality of candidates, who won presidential elections in 1952 and 2008. Therefore, both presidential campaigns marked the victory of one of the oldest and one of the youngest presidents.

The presidential campaign of 1952 was grounded on the emphasis on traditional American values, whereas the presidential campaign of 2008 conducted by Obama was the campaign where the change became the main point of the campaign and ultimate goal of the Democratic candidate. At this point, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the presidential campaign of 1952 was the victory of the candidate, who stressed the traditional American values and promised the return and enhancement of the traditional lifestyle of Americans. In contrast, the presidential election of 2008 was marked by the victory of the candidate, who promised changes.

Thus, presidential campaigns of 1952 and 2008 were quite different. They occurred in different socioeconomic, socio-cultural and political contexts. Presidential campaigns of 1952 and 2008 were characterized by the high political tension. At the same time, the presidential campaign of 1952 brought the conservative candidate to victory, whereas the presidential campaign of 2008 brought to victory the candidate, who promised changes. Hence, the presidential campaign of 1952 marked the importance of traditional American values and their prevalence in the US society, whereas the presidential campaign of 2008 marked the need of many Americans in changes.