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President Kennedy and Cold War

The two presidents Kennedy and Johnson found themselves facing the hard trials of the Cold War. Both presidents fought to plan a solid image of the U.S. to encourage the country’s associates that they were on the good side and that the U.S. would guard them from the Socialist hazard.

One of the main subjects of Kennedy’s presidential campaign in 1960 was the incompetence of the Eisenhower management to sheltered Third World countries on the side of Americans. According to Evans (2007), to win new associates over to the United States Kennedy built his foreign policy on the idea of nation construction and “peaceful revolution” (in dissimilarity to the Soviet leader Khrushchev’s impression of “arts of national freedom”). Kennedy also depended on the CIA to carry out secret actions against unwanted governments: Operation Mongoose in Cuba, the murder of Congolese President Lumumba, the revolution contrary to Brazilian President Joao Goulart and the assassination of Vietnamese puppet President Ngo Dinh Diem were all activities carried out by, or with the vital influence of, the CIA.

In spite of the growth in the number of groups and specialists sent to Vietnam by Kennedy, the name of Lyndon Johnson has become permanently associated with the Vietnam War. According to Schlesinger (2002) we see that succeeding the uncertain Gulf of Tonkin incident (an occasion which, as ensuing indication established, never occurred), Johnson prospered in creating Congress pass the Gulf of Tonkin Determination, a complete check given to the President “to take all essential actions to deter any armed outbreak in contradiction of the forces of the United States”.

In conclusion, both presidents have done many great things to fight unwanted government regime, Kennedy produced the Peace Corps which would sent teachers, doctors, scientists, and agronomists to the third world countries to reach the same aim that he thought the U.S. government are aiming to, which is helping the third world countries and emerging nations to shape better passage and communication schemes as well as to advance cultivation.

References:

Evans, R. (2007). Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power. Oxford University Press.
Schlesinger, P. (2002). A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. American Press.