Today, the problem of perimeter protection security is of the utmost important. The emergence of new threats, such as the threat of terror attacks, raises the problem of enhancing existing systems of perimeter protection security. At the same time, effective perimeter protection security should be based on fundamental principles which minimize the risk of threats to perimeter protection security. In this regard, the development of modern perimeter protection security should include multiple layers which include building security, grounds security, access control systems, and perimeter security. In addition, modern perimeter protection security is unthinkable without the wide implementation of advanced technologies, which increase substantially the reliability of modern security systems and minimize threats to perimeter security system. On the other hand, technological advancements often confront new threats that stimulate the wider implementation of new technologies, but the main point in the development of an effective perimeter protection security system is the development of multiple layers of perimeter protection security. In such a way, today, the development of an effective perimeter protections security should involve multiple layers, which can protect the area not only form the external intrusion but also the perimeter protection security should be equipped with anti-spy equipment to ensure the high level of security of residents or other people located within the target protected area.
First of all, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the development of the effective perimeter protection security is essential for the maintenance of security in the protected area and prevention of external intrusions as well as any spy activity within the protected area. The emergence of new technologies increases risks and threats to areas that need protection in terms of security. In such a situation, the perimeter protection security should insure the high level of the protection with minimal inconveniences for the residents or people located within the protected area. In actuality, modern perimeter protection security should include multiple layers of protection to minimize the risk of intrusion or spy activities.
On analyzing basic principles of perimeter protection security, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that the first layer of perimeter protection security should start with the perimeter security. In actuality, this means that the perimeter protection security system should start with fencing of the territory which is supposed to be protected by the perimeter protection security system. In actuality, modern perimeter protection security may include different forms of perimeter security. Fencing is not the only form that can be used in the modern perimeter protection security system but it is probably the simplest mechanism of the protection of the perimeter of the territory which is to be protected.
The mechanical protection is simple but still it is effective from attempts of physical intrusion, especially, if such intrusion is not carefully planned and protected. At the same time, such protection does not need substantial investments and high technologies being used because the mechanical protection is simple and easy to install and to use.
Today, more effective security mechanisms can be used, including barbed wire, warning signs, metal barriers vehicle height restrictors, site lighting and trenches. In this respect, it is possible to distinguish security elements which serve to warn about the protection of the territory or building and elements which raise physical obstacles to an unauthorized intrusion. For instance, warning signs warn potential intruders that the territory is secured and protected. At the same time, barbed wire, metal barriers, vehicle height restrictors and other elements create the physical protection of the perimeter and the building. In such a way, the perimeter security has two purposes: physical protection of the perimeter and warning of potential intruders that the territory is protected. At the same time, the perimeter should be under the control of the security service, which should have a possibility to survey the perimeter permanently.
The second layer of perimeter protection security is mechanical protection of the building, which includes doors, locks, gates and other mechanical elements of physical protection (Anderson, 2004). However, today, the use of conventional mechanical elements of perimeter protection security such as locks is inconvenient, especially in areas and buildings where a large number of people need to have access to the secured territory or building. In order to maintain the high level of security and protect the protected area or building from an unauthorized intrusion, new, electronic access control elements are used. In fact, electronic access control is based on the use of electronic systems of recognition of individuals that can be admitted to the restricted area or building. Today, various elements of electronic access control are introduced. For instance, fingerprint security systems are widely used. In these systems fingerprints are used for the identity authentication.
However, such systems are very complex, costly and highly technological. In fact, the implementation of identity authentication systems is needed, when the area needs the high level of protection and needs the limited access. The introduction of highly technological equipment increases costs of perimeter protection security and needs the high professional level of professionals working with such system in order to provide the reliable and stable functioning of the security system installed.
Furthermore, the building security and grounds security should be protected with the third layer of the perimeter protection security system. As a rule, intrusion detection systems or alarms are used at the third layer of the perimeter protection security system. In actuality, intrusion detection systems and alarms are used to identify the unauthorized intrusion, when an intruder has already entered the building or restricted area (Hayward, 2004). Today, modern technologies allow fast identification of an intruder because modern technologies allow using sensors that react on movements, sounds, breaking windows, doors, and so on. In such a way, when the unauthorized intrusion is identified by an intrusion detection systems or alarms, the security service gets the information about the intrusion and responds immediately. Today, different alarm systems are applied, including video cameras connected to the alarm systems, which warn residents or other people located within the protected area about an intrusion.
However, intrusion detection systems and alarms are not always effective and there is a risk that intruders can overcome these security systems. This is why, today, video monitoring is widely used. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that video monitoring should be used at all layers of the perimeter protection security system. In actuality, this means that the perimeter should be surveyed by the security service via video monitoring. At the next layer of the perimeter protection security, the video monitoring should show the security service the surrounding of the building, doors, windows, corridors, grounds and all the areas where intrusion can be detected.
In such a way, the multiple layer perimeter protection security system is reliable and highly effective. At the same time, such perimeter protection security provides ample opportunities for the full protection of the restricted area or building and such system meets basic principles of the perimeter protection security for intrusion can be detected at any layer of the perimeter protection security system, which is under the permanent control of the security service.
Finally, the introduction of the anti-spy equipment into the perimeter protection security is very important today because the risk of spying activities has increased consistently along with the development of technologies. What is meant here is the fact that modern technologies allow spying activities making the protected area vulnerable to information breaches and undermining the overall effectiveness of the perimeter protection system. To put it more precisely, intruders can install various RF transmitters, which are not seen at first glance but which transmit the information from the protected area to intruders. As a result, they receive the information about the protection system, as well as about activities within the protected area. In fact, the use of bugs makes physical intrusion unnecessary that ruins all the perimeter protection security because it fails to fulfill its main function – the protection of residents or other people located within the protected area from intrusion because spying activities are also a form of intrusion. For instance, intruders may just need some information and they do not need to have a physical access to the target information, if they spy effectively. In such a situation, the perimeter protection system should include the anti-spy equipment, which can protect the area from spy activities. In this respect, the perimeter protection security involves the use of wiretap detectors, which protects phone lines within the protected area from wiretapping (Williams, 2010). The transmitter detector protects the area from hidden RF transmitters planted within the protected area. In addition, video detectors can help to find hidden surveillance cameras, which can be installed within the protected area. The use of these devices can minimize the risk of the intrusion and the installment of such devices is essential for the effective perimeter protection.
Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the development of an effective perimeter protection security needs substantial technical and financial resources. The perimeter protection security should protect residents and other people located within the protected area from any sort of intrusion, including spying activities. To meet this goal, the perimeter protection system should use multiple layers of protection, which include not only mechanical and physical protection, but also advanced electronic devices and other highly technological tools, which allow monitoring the protected area, revelation of any intrusion or attempts of spying within the protected area. In such a way, the use of multiple layers of protection can enhance the perimeter protection security consistently and provide the high level of protection for residents and other people located within the protected area. At the same time, the development of the effective perimeter protection security needs the high qualification of professionals developing the security system and substantial investments to insure the high quality of the security system.
Anderson, R. (2004). Security Engineering. New York: Routledge.
Hayward, K. J. (2004). City Limits: Crime, Consumerism and the Urban Experience. New York: Random House.
Williams, G. (2010). Modern Security Systems. New York: Random House.