Old age brings an exacerbation of chronic diseases and appearance of new ones, systemic disorders, increased risk of injuries and disabilities.There are several options to avoid and reverse the age-related deterioration in the quality of life of the elderly. Among these options are bothSkilled Nursing Facilities and Continuing Care Retirement Centers.
Skilled nursing facility (SNF) is an institution that provides proper medical care and other nursing procedures for the elderly. It is aimed at providing the favorable living conditions for people of retirement age, creating various conditions for an active lifestyle and leisure. “Nursing homes provide what is called custodial care, including getting in and out of bed, and providing assistance with feeding, bathing and dressing” (Saison, Russell, L.C.S.W., & White, 2011, para. 2).
The services accommodated in various nursing homes include the following: weekly physical examination, daily monitoring of pulse, blood pressure and body temperature, services of social workers, qualified nurses and therapists. Food is chosen individually on request and as prescribed by a nutritionist. In addition, skilled nursing facilities can have such a golden opportunity to participate in Medicaid and/or Medicare. Thus, “…the term nursing home should be used exclusively in referring to facilities in which patients receive nursing care given by professional and practical nurses…”(Miller, Keller, Liebel, &Meirowitz, 1966, p. 321).
Talking about the major advantages of skilled nursing facilities, it is possible to provide the following ones: timely and adequate health care, 7/24 medical supervision, ensuring the regularity of essential drugs and guardianship for gravely ill. Moreover, the elderly are provided by the treatment of acute and chronic illnesses and the optimal conditions for the comfort and leisure.
Despite the above-mentioned advantages, skilled nursing facilities have various disadvantages that include inadequate and unprofessional services (some facilities are not trained well or staff is not really qualified); different emergency situations; lack of family support and care; various vulnerabilities (a lot of facilities and other establishments are not accredited); financial issues (a financial burden of qualifying for medical care and support).
Continuing Care Retirement Center is a type of some retirement community that provides effective and professional medical support and care and can be met in a single place of residence. In other words, “a CCRC is a particular type of retirement community that offers several levels of health care on one campus” (“Continuing Care Retirement Communities,” 2011, para. 2).
Continuing Care Retirement Center has both advantages and disadvantages like many other communities. Let us focus our attention on some of them.
The major advantages include as follows:
- Much more independence;
- Persons who are over 55 years old;
- Memory Care;
- Rehabilitation programs;
- A person should not make some decisions concerning his/her health issues (the center is responsible for your health needs);
- A person will never be dismissed from the center for his/her lack of ability to pay.
Talking about center’s disadvantages, it is possible to mention about some of them. As a rule, a person is not able to receive or have appropriate health carein his/her own unit, and thus he/she needs to visit the health care institution or facility. Moreover, it is necessary to remember that this type of living is much more expensive than other different types.
To sum up the above-mentioned information, it is possible to conclude that both skilled nursing facilities and continuing care retirement centers have their own advantages and disadvantages. People need more medical care and constant monitoring of a physician with theirage. Thus, if you decide to place parents in those special facilities, you will provide them a peaceful old age.
Miller, M. B., Keller, D., Liebel, E., &Meirowitz, I. (1966).Nursing in a Skilled Nursing Home. The American Journal of Nursing, 66 (2), 321-325.
Continuing Care Retirement Communities. (2011). Retrieved on December 13, 2011 from http://www.retirement.org/ccrc.htm
How to Evaluate a Continuing Care retirement Community. (2010). Retrieved on December 13, 2011 fromhttp://www.ehow.com/how_11581_evaluate-continuing-care.html.
Saison, J., Russell, D., L.C.S.W., & White, M. (2011).Skilled Nursing Facilities and Convalescent Homes. Retrieved on December 13, 2011 from http://helpguide.org/elder/nursing_homes_skilled_nursing_facilities.htm