In the current essay I will review the New Zealand Maori music culture. I will also describe the backgrounds, music structures, and different functions of HAKA, which can be used for welcoming, war dance, etc. Haka – is a traditional dance of New Zealand Maori. It is performed by the group and it is accompanied by rhythmic shouting words. It is known outside New Zealand as the HAKA, traditionally sung the national team of that country’s rugby before matches. This fact led to the misconception that the hack is only a military dance, and performed only by men. In reality, both statements are false, although usually it is men who perform it.
The HAKA is the dance of the Maori people in which men pose in front of women. It signifies the support of the voices on the backs of men. It is a dance that demonstrates the passion, vigor and male identification with the race. It is used both to welcome visitors as of enemy tribes, as described in Haka.
According to the Maori people, Tama-nui-to-ra, the sun god, had two wives, one of Hine-FB, the virgin of the summer (losing that status!), Who gave birth-Tane Rore, credited with the origin dance. Tane Rore-represents the wind in hot summer days, the dance choreographed with shaky hands.
Today, the Haka is known worldwide for performance of intimidation in the early games of rugby in the selection of New Zealand (All Blacks), which is usually before their games perform a Haka Ka Mate specific call, as stated in The Haka.
Before the dance, the chief who leads the dance to his companions shouted a chorus of incitement, something that in the case of All Blacks is made by a player older Maori blood, which is not necessarily the team captain. Words are used not only to encourage those who are performing the dance, but also to remember the correct behavior for the same. Often the tone used to scream the chorus is the same used in the course of the entire display, for example, the more aggressive, fierce and brutal, the more you encourage the group – and to intimidate the opponent, as described in The Maori.
Haka – is a business card of New Zealand and its main religion – All Blacks. Bloody internecine strife Maori have long gone, and a military custom is forgotten and still plays an important role in modern culture of New Zealand. HAKA is a ritual that combines dancing, singing and the kind of facial expression. First HAKA Maori warriors began to perform hundreds of years ago: Before each battle they are using body movements and terrible screams, popping eyes and a protruding tongue, the fierce expression tried to intimidate the enemy. Later HAKA were used for peaceful purposes, by telling about Maori traditions and beliefs. Today hack is an indispensable feature of civic and public events.
In New Zealand there are many different versions of traditional dance, the Army is even it out. But, in general, HAKA – it’s not only men dance, accompanied by unfriendly shouts. There is a female line of the ancient custom, called “will go.” It is also a dance that combines juggling with balls on ropes. Naturally, female hack is calmer from the male version. Despite the fact that any kind of Haka in New Zealand are respected and revered, popular all over the world this ritual singing, accompanied by intricate movements was thanks to the country’s national team in rugby, as described in Haka Tours.
Against one another there are two groups of men: chunky and muscular, incredibly strong, even in appearance and dressed in shape. Players Team New Zealand rugby dressed all in black: the only light strand – silver fern on his chest a letter to each athlete. Absolutely it does not matter who came out to field against New Zealand All Blacks.
Officially, Team New Zealand rugby appeared in 1892. And in 1905 the British newspaper “Daily mail”, after defeating the local team of New Zealanders, nicknamed team All Blacks (“completely black”). Also, thanks to its black form and newsman, team Aotearoa – a country long white cloud – earned the nickname, which together with Haka that players do before each game, has become of their business card.
Implementation of Haka allows players to team tuned to the game and forget about everything that does not apply to the game. First, All Blacks performed Haka “Ka mate”, or rather its part, which tells of the miraculous salvation from the enemy soldier through Sun. Key excerpts from this Haka:
Ka mate, ka mate! ka ora! ka ora! Whiti te ra!
This death is death! (Or: I die) It’s life! That’s life! (Or: I will live) The sun shines!
In addition to this Haka, were invented hundreds of years ago the leader Rauparahi, All Blacks and use the new Kapa o-Pango (“completely black”), designed specifically for Team New Zealand rugby. It is not about the exploits of former Maori, but of modernity: the desire of athletes to gain the victory, defending the honor of the country. The fact that New Zealanders are going to do with rivals, eloquently shows one of the new Haka gestures: hand movement, which cuts the throat.
This dance has become famous worldwide thanks to the influence of Team New Zealand rugby, the All Blacks. The players, dressed in black, perform a traditional Haka before the start of each of their meetings in order to impress the opponent. The systematic interpretation of the Haka was in 1987, during the first World Cup rugby. He was previously reserved for touring All Blacks in foreign countries. The Wheel Blacks, the New Zealand national team of wheelchair rugby, also perform a Haka at the start of match, as stated in Maori cultural experience.
But rugby players are not the only ones to use it before their match play. The Haka has a very important part in the cultural life of New Zealanders (whether they are Maori, Métis or Anglo-Saxon) and constitutes a fundamental element of their national identity. Haka is practiced everywhere: in schools, universities, army etc..
Tana Umaga Kapa o Pango led Haka as a new kind of very impressive in the match New Zealand – South Africa Saturday, August 27, 2005 in Dunedin. However, other nations in the Pacific area perform a Haka before beginning a meeting of rugby and Fiji (CIBI), Samoa (Siva tau) and Tonga (Sipi Tau) have their own “dance” before the match.
In the context of events around the Rugby World Cup 2007, a giant Haka was held in Beziers on the stadium of the Mediterranean June 30, 2007. As a fact, 525 participants reproduced the actions of the association Wallisian Lomipiau. Moreover, during the All Blacks came to the black flag of Aix-en-Provence, the contemporary dance choreographer Angelin Preljocaj specially composed a “Haka” for 15 dansers.
According to Maori mythology, Tama-nui-to-ra, the sun god, had two wives: Hine-Raumati, lady of the summer, and Hine-takurua lady of winter. The child of Tama-nui-to-ra and Hine-Raumati-called Tane Rore. He was credited with the original dance. Tane-rore tremor is seen from the air during the hot days of summer and is represented by the shaking of hands during the dance, as described in The Haka All Black – In the Beginning.
Haka is a generic name for all Maori dance. Today, Haka is defined as that part of the dance repertoire where the men are in front and women behind to voice support. Most of today are presented as Haka taparahi or unarmed.
More than any other aspect of Maori culture, this complex dance is an expression of passion, strength and identity of these people. The Haka, more than a hobby, was a custom of importance, particularly during welcome at social gatherings. The reputation of the tribes was based in part on their ability to do the Haka.
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Haka Tours. 2011. 3 June 2011. <http://www.hakatours.com/>
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The Maori. 2011. 3 June 2011. <http://history-nz.org/maori2.html>