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Metabolism of Foreign Substances

This paper introduces the information on the types of Phase I reactions of metabolism of foreign substances. It lists and provides a brief explanation of the above-mentioned types of Phase I reactions.The major three types of Phase I reactions are the following: oxidation, reduction, and hydrolysis.Let us focus our specific attention on these types of Phase I and provide a brief explanation of them. Oxidation can be described as the cooperation between different substances and oxygen molecules.

Moreover, oxidation can be understood as the chemical interactions or processes at which there is a connection of bodies with oxygen. Atoms of an oxidized substance are called electron donors, and atoms of an oxidizer van be defined as electron acceptors. Thus, it is possible to conclude that oxidation can be considered to be a chemical reaction that involves the loss of one or more electrons.In turn, reduction involves the gain of hydrogen and electrons.

Talking about hydrolysis, it is possible to say that it is one of types of chemical reactions of solvolysis.The mechanism of hydrolysis of various classes: salts, carbohydrates, proteins, esters, fats, etc. have significant differences. In addition, it should be said that hydrolysis is the reaction between substances and water.The hydrolysis of salts underlies many important processes in the chemical industry and the laboratory practice as a whole. Therefore, it should be mentioned that hydrolysis is the reaction of ion exchange between different substances and water.

Taking the above-mentioned information into consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that three major types of Phase I reactions of metabolism of foreign substances were discussed and observed in a proper way.

Burgess, J. (1978). Metal ions in solution. New York: Ellis Horwood.