In everyday life, it is impossible to communicate and assimilate information without listening.
Therefore, listening is a very important factor that helps people to better communicate and understand each other. Listening is considered to be an active activity of any individual related to the perception of sound information.
This is a widespread fact that in everyday life people can face the problems connected with listening barriers in their day-to-day communication with others.
Listening barriers are visual, environmental, cultural, psychological or gender aspects, etc. which contain such a situation that can prevent a person from correctly and accurately hearing.
Visual barriers (body, walk, move arms, legs, posture and change of postures, eye contact, skin reactions, psychological distance).
Cultural barriers are social, political, religious and professional differences that lead to different interpretations of some concepts used in the communication process.
Environmental barriers consist of TV, various cell phones, portable radio sets and others.
Psychological barriers: some people have various hearing problems, which prevent those people from listening clearly and properly. Other people can have some difficulties with information processing.
Gender barriers: women and men listen in a different way and for different aims.
There are main types of listening that include: listening for enjoyment, active listening, and empathic listening.
Listening for enjoyment is such a type of listening that brings satisfaction and pleasure to a listener. It can be listening to music or listening to some pleasant words, which only make a person satisfied.
Active listening is indispensable in business negotiations, as well as in conflict situations when your interlocutor behaves aggressively or shows his/her superiority.
Empathic listening is more intimate form of communication than active listening. It is opposite to critical reflection. Empathic listening as a certain procedure involves an understanding of feelings experienced by another person, and a reciprocal expression of his understanding of these feelings.
Taking the above-stated information into consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that listening is a kind of verbal activity that is closely related to spoken language.