The main aim of this project is to contrast an effective and ineffective leader using the concepts of influence tactics.
The same person tends to perform different roles, going to different situations of communication. It is impossible to imagine that the processes of communication are smoothly flowing and devoid of internal contradictions always and under all circumstances. In some situations, the antagonism of positions is observed, which reflects the presence of conflicting values, goals and objectives, and which sometimes turns into mutual hostility – interpersonal conflict. In this case only an effective leader, using proper influence tactics, will be able to solve situation in the right way and with minimal harms.
Leadership is one of the most important factors in achieving success and survival of groups and organizations. Although under certain conditions, technology plays a critical role, but exactly effective leadership often compensates lack of equipment and resources.
Thinking about the concepts of influence tactics, an effective leader, in contrast to an ineffective one, is always remember that his activity includes in itself three main points such as influence, group and objective. Explaining this statement, we can say that, firstly, effective leaders are the people who influence not only the behavior of others, but also their thoughts and future deeds. These others are commonly referred to as subordinates or followers. Secondly, effective leadership is usually studied in the context of groups, especially the working groups, such as managers and their teams and superintendents (manufacturing masters), and their subordinates. Thirdly, studies of effective leadership are focus on the group aims which should be achieved in the process of work. Thus, we can give the following definition: effective leadership is the process by which a person influences the other team members to achieve the purposes of the group or organization.
In this paragraph it is important to note that the influence on people by the leader can be done in different ways. This may be an approach called a bridge to engine room, where the leader gives commands and controls the situation, or the same influence can be provided by the way of group activities stimulation and includes assistance to its goal to achieve a concrete result. Part of many definitions is also the notion of ‘interaction’. Influence usually has two directions. Leaders can influence followers, and followers, in their turn, may influence on the leaders to change their mode of action. An effective leader is always ready to listen to possible propositions from own followers, while ineffective leader always considers that he is right and there is no necessity to ask for advice or listen to the opinion of others.
Moreover, an effective leader remembers that some influence tactics, suitable for an assistant controller at the supermarket may be different from the tactics that fit for a specialist in spacecraft. Available options of influence for an effective leader are the key aspects that are studied by experts on leadership for many decades. It was written many works, involving such questions as: what influences the choice of leadership style and what style is more effective, which influence tactics are suitable in one or another situation and why it is necessary to follow specific recommendations for effective leaders for the purpose of to be more effective in the work.
Major differences between both effective and ineffective leaders in the concepts of influence tactics consist of various elements, and observing them, we can say that an effective leader has own vision of existed situation and knows the way how to inspire other people to join him in following his mission and achieving success. On the one hand, effective leader puts the goal of his company or organization at the first place and this attitude to own company helps him to motivate employees and move them forward towards achievement of specially set goals in the shortest terms. On the other hand, ineffective leader is not able to follow own vision of situation, because he is usually guided by the concept of power trip, thinking often about own selfish benefit, but not about achievement of company’s goals and people’s interests.
Another important aspect of effective leadership is that the right to be a leader is often voluntarily provided to the leader by the influential individuals or by all members of the group. It is interesting to note that the group can have both an effective and ineffective leader at the same time. It can be possible is a group has a formal ineffective leader and informal effective leader. For instance, while the nominal ineffective leader of the department may hold a formal leadership position, effective leader will be the person who stands lower in the hierarchy, but affects the team, leading it to achieving the goals that may not coincide with the objectives of the organization.
Finally, effective leadership means that the leader motivates the group to spend its energy on achievement of the objectives of the group. Influence of no change or motion – this is not the influence at all. Effective leaders are making changes, they have the courage to “do away with traditional practices and bring in place modern practices that ensure performance of the organization” (Hughes, Ginnett and Curphy, 2008). There is no doubt that it is difficult, but vitally important task. One day it was said by the famous person that there is nothing more difficult than to take the initiative to introduce a new order of things.
Thus, taking everything into consideration it is possible to conclude that we have contrast an effective and ineffective leader using the concepts of influence tactics in the body of this project.
Hughes, R., Ginnett, R. and Curphy, G. Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience. 6th ed. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2008.