One of the main priorities of the U.S. government is to expand its law enforcement powers internationally and increase the role of international law enforcement cooperation in order to provide anti-drug operations, fight against terrorist activity, high-tech smuggling, etc.Hence, international cooperation in police training is a very promising area for international cooperation in combating organized crime, drug trafficking, etc. Besides, international law enforcement cooperation in the field of police training has an important function of the international exchange of knowledge and experience.Thus, this paper presents the information on the role of international law enforcement cooperation. It explores the importance of international cooperation in police training that is considered to be one of the primary tasks of the state under the current conditions.
As it was mentioned above, training of highly qualified police personnel is one of the main priorities of any state. Selection, recruitment, and training of police personnel can be considered to be the most important area of state activity, ensuring the implementation of the law enforcement function.International cooperation in police training is carried out in the presence of significant differences in the organization and methods of police training in different countries. Accordingly, it is necessary to take into consideration the peculiarities of the national police training systemas one of the most important factor, determining the state authorities who are responsible for police training, types and status of the educational institutions, offering such training, as well as the training curriculum.
Owing to a significant convergence of countries in various fields, international cooperation in police training became a new and promising area of cooperation between states and their law enforcement agencies. The necessity for international cooperation in police training is due to numerous factors. Firstly, there is a need to teach the police officers to cope with crimes of an international character and operate in close international cooperation in combating organized crime. Today’s police have to know foreign languages, especially the foundations of international laws, and the legal systems of different countries. Secondly, many countries need to reform and improve their national police training.
The effective teaching of law enforcement officers in combatingcrimes of an international character is possible only through the active development of international cooperation in police training.International law enforcement cooperation in police training gives different states the opportunity to share information about new methods of teaching, practices and hence use them to train the police officers, to receive assistance from other countries and international organizations, as well as get to know about the modern techniques and tactics to combat organized crime.
The significant differences and existing shortcomings of national police training systems pose a problem in developingintegrated international standards for police training, which are able to bring together their training in various countries, as well as significantly increase its efficiency. The creation and implementation of such integrated standards is possible only through the joint efforts of various states with their active participation in international cooperation in police training.In addition to the above-mentioned information, it is possible to add that various written agreements that do not have a legal character and are concluded on the basis of international, intergovernmental, and interdepartmental agreements have the great importance in the regulation of international cooperation in police training.The cooperation within the international training centers and specialized institutions for the training of police personnel can be considered to be the most effective method of training. It is essential to developthe cooperation in this area, to increase the number of participants, and to create the new training centers. Moreover, international cooperation in police training, which is carried out on a bilateral basis,can be characterized as one of the most effective and appropriate methods.
The active participation in international cooperation in police training is one of the characteristics of the well-established system of international relations focused on the development of international police cooperation to combat organized crime, which in turn is inherent in economically and politically stable stateswith a well-developed and well-functioning police training system.Taking the above-stated information into account, it is possible to draw a conclusion that international law enforcement cooperation in police training is an area of international cooperation that is aimed at combatingorganized crime, fighting with high-tech smuggling, providing anti-drug operations, etc. Furthermore, it is the cooperation of various states in the face of the governments, ministries, different police agencies, international, governmental, and non-governmental organizations in order to improve and increase the effectiveness of police training carried out in accordance with the principles and norms of international laws, including the human rights, and creating the common standards for police training.In addition, it is possible to add that international law enforcement cooperation between different educational institutions in various countries is one of the most important areas for the exchange of experience between the colleagues, coordination of efforts to reveal the new and progressive methods, which are acceptable in different countries, with the purpose of improving police training programs.