Speaking frankly, it is quite hard to answer how did changes in the status of women in the developed countries affect their demographic histories? The point here is that demographic changes during dozens of years of rapid development, could be generated both by women’s rights improvement and other achievements of modern society. We’ll try to get interconnections between contemporary demographic situation and changes in women status. First of all, it looks pretty clear that female rights improvement affected average life expectancy of women, which was increased for about on 10 years during several dozens of years. This demographic change can be explained by better women’s health care, including sex education, decreased material mortality, lower rate of family violation accidents, decreased gender discrimination etc.. At second, one more contemporary demographic trend in developed countries is lower rate of fertility. This point is explained by moving from “Breadwinner” family model to institution of gender equality.
Modern women in developed countries are able to affect family planning not less than their husbands. Moreover, women often have a casting vote. In addition, female rights improvement allowed women to be competitive on labor market. As the result, a lot of women donate motherhood in the name of successful career. One more serious change of demographics that occurred during the time of woman status improvement is male-female ratio transformations. The general ratio is 125 women per 100 men today. This change hardly can be explained in the aspect of females status improvement. The only interconnection can be found in noted increase of life expectancy. However, the same index of male also raised on 5 years during last 50 years.
Maria Eugenia COSIO-ZAVALA. “Women and Families: Evolution of the Status of Women as a Factor and Consequence of Changes in Family Dynamics”. 24-26 February 1997. UNESCO – Paris. Retrieved from http://www.cicred.org/Eng/Publications/pdf/c-a32.pdf