Intelligence, more than any other concept in psychology, was the object of controversy and criticism. Scientists and psychologists are faced with considerable difficulties already in an attempt to define intelligence. Thus, it is necessary to survey four people about the characteristics that make someone intelligent and analyze collected data in a specific way.
There is no necessity to provide names of people who were asked about intelligence because we are interested not in their names, but in their answers. Analyzing received answers, it is possible to say that all respondents have answered that success of any activity is traditionally accepted to correlate with personal intelligence and abilities. The first respondent answered that intelligence is a global capacity to act rationally, to think rationally and to cope well with life’s circumstances. The second respondent answered that the characteristics of intelligent people may include rational thinking, ability to make prognoses for future and be able to analyze information, while the third respondent mentioned that exactly ability to perceive information in proper way, generalize and analyze it is the most popular characteristics that make someone intelligent. And finally, the forth respondent said that there is no general intelligence because any person may be intelligent in one or other area where he or she is able to overcome the problem in the most effective way using critical thinking and ability to analyze situation. Thus, there as many answers as there are respondents, and each person gave his own characteristics of intelligent people.
Let us discuss the answers. The most general answer is connected with ability to critical thinking, ability to analyze and generalize facts, to make prognoses and to be rational in decisions. I agree with these answers, because intelligent people are always able to analyze situation, to make proper prognoses on future and overcome difficulties using own inner analytical talents.
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences allows us to understand that people can be intelligent in specific areas and only the forth respondent mentioned this fact in his answer. According to Gardner (1993), his theory is based on the idea that intelligence is too complex, so it can not be presented as single matter. For instance, musical intelligence is different from linguistic intelligence, and there is a specific unit of information operations in the center of each kind of intelligences.
Summarizing the information presented in this paper, we can mention that educators would be able to assess some specific characteristics through the current methods of standardized testing, but there is no doubt that only individual approach to the person may help to understand the true essence of his or her intelligence. Martinez (2000) stated that standardized testing determines only direction where it is necessary to go, but it will never open personal intelligence in full degree.
In conclusion, we have made a specific survey about the characteristics that make someone intelligent and analyzed collected data in specific way.
Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. BasicBooks.
Martinez, M. (2000). Education as the Cultivation of Intelligence. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Riggio, R., Murphy, S. & Pirozzolo, F. (2002). Multiple Intelligences and Leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.