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Inclusive Education | Principles and Practices

The concept of the inclusive education was formed on the belief that education is a principal human right and that it creates a foundation for a more reasonable society. All students have the right to get an education, in spite of their individual qualities and problems.

The concept of the inclusion is a training with the other students, working with them, an acquirement of the common experience. It implies an active involvement in the learning process of each child.

An education should be seen as a process that helps to develop a personality and its abilities, in spite of the physical and other barriers. Accordingly, any restrictions – physical, social or emotional – cannot be the reason for the exclusion.In Cyprus there is adopted a common training program for all public schools. It is planned to set up a special training course that presents all aspects of social life in “the big European family” to a new generation of Cypriots. The most significant change in the curriculum will be dictated by the extensive use of the new technology and an individual approach to children with the
difficulties in learning.

According to the analytical studies there is a rather big rate of students in Cyprus, who has different difficulties in learning. It can be explained by the congenital or acquired physical disabilities or social problems. In Cyprus the classes are formed in spite of the abilities of the students. To the learning process there will be involved the experts in the child’s psychology and also the medical experts.

This work will be conducted not only with the children, but also with their parents in order to provide the professional and timely help in an education.

The government of Bahamas cooperates together with the engaged non-governmentalorganizations and the media, the supporting groups, the government institute and the agitationalgroups. In addition, the Ministry of Education has supported the seminars at the local, the regional and the international levels to discuss the problem of training the teachers. Additionally, the agreements were signed with College of Bahamas COB / UOB, and universities in the United States and Canada to provide the degree courses in the special education. For the further progress of the inclusion in Bahamas the government was in negotiations with the International Development Bank about the loaning and it set up the creation of two specialized groups, the National group of the special-purpose on the disability and the National Commission On Special Education (NCOSE).Today there are the programs in several elementary schools and secondary schools. There are also the groups for the children with the disabilities and for the autistic children.

The additional classrooms were made for the training the children with the disabilities in several primary and secondary schools across the whole country.Usually the people with the disabilities do not receive the equal opportunities to the access to an tmployment.An Education Report in 1994 was probably an impulse for the debate. A consideration of this report shows the policy of the government of Bahamas, which continues the inclusion to satisfy the needs of all students in schools in Bahamas despite all problems in the country.

In order to provide an education of high quality in all schools, there are should be created the measures to strengthen the teaching staff and its abilities. In addition, there should be given a consideration to the needs of teachers for an updating of their knowledge, skills and their health.These measures will help to realize the goals of the inclusion. The government of Bahamas intends to spend time and the resources, which are needed to train the teachers for the process of the inclusion.



Panayiotis Angelides, Charis Charalambous & Charalambos Vrasidas (2004, June)

“Reflections on policy and practice of inclusive education in pre-primary schools in Cyprus”.

Retrieved from: http://vrasidas.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/inclusionejsne.pdf
Betty McDonald (2006). “Self-assessment and inclusion, The Bahamas”. Retrieved from:
Jarrett, Marian (Jun 2009). “Attitudes of general education teachers in grades one through six
toward inclusion in New Providence, Bahamas”.
Retrieved from: http://gradworks.umi.com/33/39/3339234.html
(2011) the Official Website of the Government of the Bahamas. “Persons with disabilities
(Equal Opportunities) Bill, 2011”.
Retrieved from: http://www.bahamas.gov.bs