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Health Benefits of Physical Activity

Today, a healthy style is one of the primary concern of the modern society and policy makers because numerous health problems threaten to the public. health. In actuality, the population suffers from health problems provoked by the lifestyle of contemporary people and many specialists () associate these health problems with the development of the modern civilization. Among these health problems it is possible to mention cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes and other health problems. In such a situation, people need to change their lifestyle and focus on physical activities to prevent the development of numerous health problems and maintain a good physical shape for a normal and healthy life.

The major cause provoking numerous health problems is the sedative lifestyle and poor food culture. Both these problems can be solved through the physical activity which has a number of benefits for the physical health as well as psychological state of an individual. Specialists () argue that physical activity stimulates the development of endorphins, so-called hormones of happiness. As a result, the mood of an individual improves after a work-out and the psychological state of an individual improves consistently.

The benefits of physical activities at the physiological level are even more significant than at the psychological one. Physical activities are natural for humans as well as for any living being inhabiting the Earth. Moreover, physical activities are essential for the normal development of humans because it is through physical activities human body is shaped, muscles and vitally important organs are formed (Spevak, 2006). As a result, physical activities make human body more endurable to negative environmental impacts and more adaptable to changing environment. In addition, physical activities improve the immune system of an individual that protects him or her from the development of numerous health problems.

Preparing for physical activity

At the same time, individuals should come prepared to physical activities. Otherwise, when an untrained individual gets involved into physical activities, he or she can face the problem of fast exhaustion of physical strengths of an individual. Moreover, physical activities can cause injuries and traumas, if an individual is not prepared for them. What is meant here is the fact that an individual should prepare him- or herself to physical activities. The preparation implies the gradual transition from simple physical activities to more complicated and difficult ones. For instance, it is possible to start with walking for ten-twenty minutes and gradually increase physical activities, prolonging the time of walking and, eventually, shifting toward jogging.

The correct amount of physical activity

In such a situation, it is very important to control the amount of physical activity. In this respect, it is necessary to lay emphasis on the fact that the amount of physical activity should meet physical capabilities of an individual. Obviously, an individual cannot cope with excessive physical activities, which he or she cannot afford physically. Instead, it is possible to increase the amount of physical activity as the physical shape of an individual improves, as an individual grows stronger and more endurable (Limentani, 1999). In contrast, if the physical health of an individual deteriorates or if serious health problems, such as a cardiovascular disease, are diagnosed, the individual should decrease the amount of physical activity respectively to his or her capabilities to prevent the heart strike or other health problems.

The correct type of physical activity

In addition, it is necessary to take into consideration the preparedness and physical health of an individual. Individuals should select the type of physical activity that meets their physical capabilities and physical shape. For instance, people with health problems cannot perform the same type of physical activity as professional sportsmen because they will be unable to afford physical activities which are normal for professional sportsmen. On the contrary, light physical activities will have little if any positive impact on the physical health of well-trained and physically strong people. They will not improve their physical shape consistently if they do physical activities below their physical level.

Cardiovascular fitness

People with cardiovascular diseases and related health problems are unable to perform long-lasting and exhausting physical activities. At the same time, physical activity is a perfect tool with the help of which it is possible to prevent the development of health problems related to cardiovascular system. To put it more precisely, physical activities stimulate the strengthening of heart muscle, improve the physical shape and functioning of the cardiovascular system of an individual (Benoff & Grauman, 1997). As a result, the sooner an individual starts training and performing physical activities the lower is the risk of the development of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, physical activity contributes to the cardiovascular fitness. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that the development of cardiovascular diseases is the result of the sedative lifestyle and lack of physical activities.

Strength and muscular endurance fitness

Physical activity can bring visible improvements of the physical shape of an individual. In this regard, the strengthening and increase muscle weight are the most obvious outcomes of physical activity. In addition, an individual can benefit from improving strength and muscular endurance in the result of physical activities. Work-out and physical activities contribute to the growth of muscles and make them more endurable. The extensive experience of physical activities increases strength and muscular endurance of an individual.


Finally, physical training contributes to flexibility of human body. In fact, due to physical activity human body becomes more responsive to external impacts and environment compared to individual who do not practice any significant physical activities. Muscles and body become flexible and a well-trained individual can perform easily diverse physical activities, whereas unprepared, untrained individual may suffer from serious injuries because of the lack of flexibility that develops in the course of training and physical activities.


Thus, the positive impact of physical activities on human health is obvious. Physical activities have multiple benefits, including the improvement of physical shape, growth of muscles, improvement of flexibility and prevention of numerous health problems, such as cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, people should make physical activities an integral part of their lifestyle.


Benoff, M., & Grauman, D. M. (1997). Mastering the physician integration challenge. Healthcare Financial Management; Westchester; Jan 1997.

Limentani, A. E. (1999, October). The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5), 394-399.

Spevak, C. (2006). The Grand Jury and Health Care Crimes: What Every Physician Executive Needs to Know. Physician Executive, 32(1), 68- 70.