Global Islamic Politics by Mir Zohair Husain examining the core ideas of Islam, providing deep historical, economical and ethical analysis of Islamic Politics. The author is intended to show deep cultural and historical dependence of Islamic Politics as well as its participation in different military conflicts and economic organizations, such as OPEC. Writing this book, Dr. Zohair Husain wanted to show the whole world the core ideas of Islamic Politics lie in understanding the roots of its history, culture and ideas and ideals.
Chapter 2 is called “Islamism and Islamic Revivals” and it deals with the description Islam as religion. The author makes a stress on the fact that Islam as religion has a long lasting historical background.
Making a thesis that Islam is “Historical” Religion the author gives the reader an ability to understand how deeply religion is connected with the history of the Islamic World. The author makes a stress on the fact that Islam is an organic religion and it has a significant impact on its past and contemporary development, strongly dealing with the centralization of it socieconomic equity and justice. The author gives the reader ability to understand how closely everything is connected within the Islamic world, how deeply the roots of religion went in the socioeconomic issues, justice and many others. Dr. Zohair Husain explains the significance of jihad in Islam. The historic roots and close connection of religion with all the social and economic issues of the Islamic World, is showing that they key to understanding the political activity of the Islamic leaders is their religion. The understanding of religion would open many unknown, but very important factors and provide motives for the actions of the Islamic leaders. The author makes a stress on the fact that Islam, with its centuries history and significant impact on the individuals in Islamic world is the core factor in understanding Islamic World as a whole and separate countries as a part of it. The author Masterfully presented the past and the present of the Islam, making a stress on the fact how many have changes. Dr. Zohair Husain shows the evolution of religion and its present day realities with deep understanding, knowing the subject perfectly.
The third Chapter tells the reader about Revolutionary Islamists. The author subdivided this chapter in several paragraphs each of them is dealing with the certain Islamic groups, that could be characterized as revolutionaries. The writer summarized the core ideas of revolutionaries in the separate paragraph, where he provided clear and direct explanations for the reader about their ideals and beliefs. Dr. Zohair Husain put in the revolutionaries category puritanical Muslims, the emulators of Prophet Muhammad and his pious companies, the crusaders for the Shariah’s implementation, the zealous promoters of Five Faraidh, the opponents of Taqlid and the proponents of Ijihad, the ardent foes of secular nationalism (Mir Zohair Husain, 2003). In the last paragraph the author tells about the contemporary revolutionaries of Islam, speaking about the most significant figures of the movement, who produced a serious impact on the local and international arena. Dr. Zohai explains the role of those figure in the Islamic World and their significance for understanding Islamic Politics and ideas of revolutionaries.
Chapter 4 underwent the same structure and describes another group of Islamists – Traditional Islamists – those who keep on to old-fashioned traditions and customs. The chapter gives many interesting information about these groups of people and how they correspond to contemporary political relates. The reader could learn more about preservers of medieval Islamic Traditions and those who are traditionally considered to be apolitical, but in some parts turned out to become politically active and certainly the opponents of modernization. This chapter give a lot of useful and interesting information about traditional beliefs and customs of the Islamic Nations and the representatives of Traditional branch of Islamists as a part of it.
The fifth chapter is devoted to Modernist Islamists and underwent the same structure as the previous two chapters describing the key Islamic groups participating as Modernist Islamists. Among them are ardent opponents of Taqlid, vigorous proponents of Ijtihad, reformers of Islamic thought and practice and advocates of reconciliation among Islamic Sects. The author suggested the reader getting familiar to the core modernists of Islamic culture and ideas, suggesting some reformation ideals, thoughts and practical issues. The author traditionally makes a stress on the core significance of all these factors to the development and understanding of Islam and it politics. In the end of the Chapter the author suggests a table giving the typology of Islamists, with all its wide variety.
In the 6th Chapter Mir Zohair Husain examines the failure of Secular Ideologies in the Post-colonial Muslim states. The author deals with inner and outer reasons, providing a short research process, giving reasonable background of Muslim secularists ideas fail. Dr. Zohair Husain consider this failures are closely connected with the 6 developmental crises in Muslin Nations and manifestations, caused by these crises. The ideas suggested by Dr. Zohair Husain are closely connected with his developmental theories and are the reflections of the history development of Islamic countries.
The 7th Chapter deals with very Contradictory question and is called “Islamic Politics in the Arab-Israeli Conflict”. The author thoughtfully examines the reasons, motives and historical background in the step by step investigation, that strongly deal with chronological facts representing Arab-Israeli conflict. Mir Zohair Husain demonstrates deep knowledge of the the subject. The chronological structure of the war gives the reader perfect chance to examine the conflict from the very beginning. The author provides well grounded and well referenced reasons. The writes examines the conflict from the Islamic point of view, without missing any significant detail, seeing close connection of all the events and endless tries to regulation of the conflict. The reader could see how the conflict was born, what were the reasons and the motives, its rapid development, regular military collisions, endless peace process and plans of the world leaders. In the following the chapter table the author demonstrates Midle East Countries and gives the core factors and figures of this conflict, which has already become a part of Islamic history of the 20th century
The 8th chapter is devoted to the recent phenomenon so called Pan Islamism and world known Islamic institutions such as OPEC, OAPEC and the OIC. The author examines such institution as OPEC from different sides, finding the core factors of its creation and ascendancy, present day situation and the developmental plans for future. OPEC is an economic creation of Islamic world and one of the most inflectional cartel’s in the whole world. Its influence on the market of oil and gas make the world leaders take into account the opinion of Islamic countries, and examination of OPEC from the Islamic point of view gives many interesting thoughtful information for the reader. The author also examines such religious, political and social phenomenon as Pan-Islamism, very important in the present day world event, the core idea of which lies first in spiritual unity of all Muslims and the necessity of their political unification under the rule of single spiritual leader. The author examines the activity of OIC on the International level, its role in the development of Pan_Islamism and how significantly it has influenced the institutionalizing of the Islamic Revival. The detailed investigation provides well structured information about the key contemporary economic and social organizations, participating on the international level and their role in the development of Islamic Politics.