During the 1950-s there was a general prosperity in the United States of America. Nevertheless, while the whole country gained from the general prosperity, there were some groups which did not share the good times. Which groups were those?
When the white middle class moved out of the city to suburbs, deteriorated infrastructure and poor people were left behind. Among the most suffered groups were uninsured elderly, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans and black immigrants. Government was trying to fix the situation with the help of The Federal Housing Program, slum clearance and urban renewal. Nevertheless, it had no much effect on the condition of those poor people who lived in the cities.
Among the most affected groups were black immigrants. According to Salzman (1996), they missed the times of the general prosperity because they were moving from one city to another and everywhere they were meeting the discrimination, violence and overcrowding. Because of constant moving emigrants and colored American population (one fifth of the whole population) was living under the line of poverty.
One more reason why some groups missed the period of the common prosperity, is the lack or even absence of founds to provide some help to the poor citizens. Dunar (2006) stated that also there were not enough working places for black Americans, Native Americans and Hispanic Americans. Employers preferred to give a work rather to white citizens than to colored.
Summarizing the reasons why certain groups of people did not benefit from the common prosperity of the United States, we can conclude that discrimination was the main one. Another reason is reluctance of well-to-do classes to help those groups which left below the line of poorness. It shows us that common prosperity does not always give a hope for poor people to increase their life level.
Dunar, A. (2006). America in the 50’s. Syracuse University Press.
Salzman, J. (1996). Encyclopedia of Afro-American history. New York Press.