Today, the problem of control over the education system is one of the most important issues because education plays an important part not only in the life of an individual but also in terms of the further development of the entire country. As the matter of fact, education lays the foundation to the intellectual potential of the country and creates favorable conditions for the professional development of individuals. In actuality, the control over education is one of the most debatable issues because the modern education system cannot develop with the government support. However, modern public schools are not effective and do not provide students with good educational opportunities. In such a situation, the shift from the federal authorities to local communities or, at least, the state level can be more efficient to improve the quality of education.
On analyzing the current situation in the national education system, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the modern education system suffers from the low effectiveness and the lack of access to higher education to all students on the equal ground. In this regard, students graduating from public schools have lower opportunities to carry on their education compared to students from private schools, for instance. As a result, students have different opportunities to obtain higher education that is discriminatory. At the same time, this proves the low effectiveness of the federal control over the education system.
Therefore, the introduction of the stricter control over the education system from the part of local communities and states may be more effective. In this respect, states and local communities should coordinate closely their work because they do need each other. In fact, states have the legislative, executive and judicial powers paralleling the structure of the federal government. As a result, states can provide the legislative ground and proper execution of legal norms to regulate and control the education system. Local communities should use the full potential of this ground laid by the state authorities.
The mutual control over the education system from the part of the state and local communities will maximize its effectiveness. On the one hand, states have legislative, executive and judicial power essential for the effective implementation of educational programs and regulation of legislative norms to control the education system. On the other hand, local communities know better than the states or federal authorities needs of the local population, namely students and their families (Finder, 2004). As a result, they can develop efficient educational programs and conduct control over the education system at the local level (Doll, W. and Gough, 2001). In such a way, the cooperation between states and local communities can maximize the effectiveness of control over the education system. At any rate, the control over the education system will be more flexible compared to the control over the education system conducted by the federal authorities. In addition, local and state authorities know better needs of students and they can use available funds more effectively than the federal authorities. The flexibility of control will make it more effective and, therefore, it will increase the effectiveness of the education system at large.
In such a context, the question concerning the practical application of the shift of control from the federal authorities to the state authorities and local communities arises. In this respect, legislative changes may be needed. The federal government should grant states and local communities with larger power to control the education system. In fact, the federal government should allow states and local communities to derive from national standards of education but still there should be minimal requirements which all states and communities should meet at the federal level. In such a way, the federal government will allow states and local communities to develop their education system and establish stricter control over it.
Furthermore, states and local communities should develop the legislative ground for strengthening their control over education system (Doll, 2001). It is important to avoid the gap in control system over the education system, when the federal government decreases its control and grants more power to states and local communities, whereas local communities and states fail to use the full potential of their new powers that leads to gaps in control over the education system. For this purpose, the federal authorities should grant more power to states and local communities only on the condition that they have already developed their educational programs and systems of control.
Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that states and local communities should obtain the possibility to expand their control over the education system because they can meet needs of local students and increase the effectiveness of education. In fact, the control over the education system at the state and local level is more flexible compared to the federal level. Therefore, the higher flexibility contributes to the higher effectiveness of control.
Doll, W. (2001). “Beyond Methods?” In P. Marochnick, ed. Passion and Pedagogy. New York: Peter Lang.
Doll, W. and Gough, N. (2001). Curriculum Visions. New York: Peter Lang.
Finder, M. (2004) Educating America: How Ralph W. Tyler Taught America to Teach. Westport: Praeger.