Poverty is one of the major challenges the mankind fails to cope with throughout centuries worldwide. In fact, poverty persists throughout time and distance. In this respect, it is worth mentioning the fact that even the most developed countries of the world still suffer from poverty, regardless of policies aiming at the elimination of poverty. In such a context, understanding of causes of poverty is essential. In this regard, one of the major causes of poverty is the persisting social inequality, which exists worldwide and deprives large masses people of access to basic products and services, while a few concentrate the wealth of nations in their hands.
First of all, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that inequality exists worldwide. The economic development of countries has little impact on the elimination of poverty because the richest countries fail to put the end to poverty (Paugam, 1998). Therefore, poverty is the global problem.On analyzing causes of this problem, it is possible to define social inequality as one of the major causes of poverty existing worldwide. In fact, it is possible to trace one and the same trend worldwide: a few rich families hold control over political and economic life of countries, whereas a large number of people live in poverty. The only difference of rich and developed countries from poor and developing ones is the presence of the middle class in rich and developed countries, which comprises a larger part of the society.
The social inequality provoking poverty originates from the lack of access to the means of production from the part of the poor and the public at large and concentration of the national wealth and means of production in hands of a few.
Paugam, S. (1998). “Poverty and Social Exclusion: a sociological view.” In The Future of European Welfare, edited by Martin Rhodes and Yves Meny, p. 41–62.