In the current essay I will analyze the influence of bullying and harassment on nursing practice, nurses and the nursing profession. I will also identify the bullying and harassment issue and the pertinent topics surrounding it. As well, I will review the historical, social, political and/or economic factors that have contributed to and/or impact bullying and harassment. I would also like to analyze the impact bullying and harassment has on contemporary nursing practice, from a personal, organizational, societal and world perspective. Nowadays, bullying and harassment have become serious problems in the modern society.
It should be noted that “Harassment is any conduct based on age, disability, HIV status, domestic circumstances, sex, sexual orientation, gender reassignment, race, color, language, religion, political, trade union or other opinion or belief, national or social origin, association with a minority, property, birth or other status that is unreciprocated or unwanted and which affects the dignity of men and women at work.” (Adapted from the Human Rights Act 1998, enacted in the UK in October 2000, and European Community Recommendation & Code of Practice on Harassment).It is important to note that bullying is aggressive prosecution of a member of staff (especially staff schoolchildren and students, but also employees) from other team members or part thereof, according to What is bullying? (2011). As a manifestation of bullying experts perceive insults, threats, physical aggression, the constant perceives negative attitude of the victim and her work, a refusal to trust and delegation of authority, etc, according to Bullying nurses at work: Theorising a gendered experience (2010).
I would like to note that harassment is causing inconvenience or harm behavior that violates the privacy of individuals. Such behavior may lie in the direct or indirect verbal abuse or threats, unfriendly remarks, rude jokes or insinuations, unsolicited letters or calls, insulting or humiliating display of photographs, intimidation, lewd gestures, unwanted touching, patting, kissing, pinching, punching, physical assault or other similar actions, according to Transitions in Nursing: Preparing for Professional Practice (2010).
It should be noted that the term “harassment” means not only sexual harassment, but also any other harassment, in contrast to the widespread (mistaken) opinion. In many countries, the law limits the ability of such pressure, the legal interpretation of these actions are different in different cultures, according to Bullying in the workplace (2011). Bullying is a term used to describe acts of physical or psychological, intentional, repeated, performed by an individual or group of individuals causing pain and anguish, performed within an unequal power relationship. As well, in 20% of cases the people are both victims and perpetrators of bullying, or commit aggression at times, but are also victims of harassment by school class. In school, most bullying occurs out of sight of adults and most victims do not react or report the assault. It is essential to note, that harassment, or “intimidation” or between English speakers “bullying” – is a term often used to describe a form of harassment that is interpreted by someone, somehow, able to exercise power over someone or a group of weaker, according to What is bullying? (2011).
The Swedish scientist – who worked for a long time in Bergen (Norway) – Dan Olweus defines bullying at school in three key terms: the behavior is aggressive and negative; the behavior is performed repeatedly; the behavior occurs in a relationship where there is an imbalance of power between the parties involved. It should be noted that harassment school is divided into two categories: direct school harassment and indirect school harassment, also known as social aggression. Direct bullying is more common among offenders (bullies) were male. Also, the social aggression or indirect bullying is more common in female bullies and small children, and is characterized by forcing the victim into social isolation, and in this case- a nurse. This isolation is achieved through a wide variety of techniques, including: spreading gossip; refusing to socialize with the victim; intimidate others who wish to socialize with the victim; ridiculing the manner of dress and other socially significant (including the victim’s race, religion, disability, etc).
Harassment can occur in situations involving the school or college / university, workplace, neighbors and even countries. Whatever the situation, the power structure is typically evident between the aggressor (bully) and the victim- a nurse. For those outside the relationship, it seems that the power of the aggressor depends only on the perception of the victim, who seems to be more intimidated to offer any resistance. However, the victim usually has reason to fear the abuser, or achievements due to threats of physical / sexual violence, or loss of livelihood, according to Bullying in the workplace: your managers role (2011). It should be noted that the modern research indicates that adolescent offenders have authoritarian personalities, combined with a strong need to control or dominate. It has also been suggested that a deficiency in social skills and a biased view on subordinates can be particular risk factors. Additional studies have shown that while envy and resentment may be motives for the practice of school harassment, contrary to popular belief, there is little evidence to suggest that bullies suffer from any shortage of self-esteem. Other researchers also identified how quickly to anger and to use force, in addition to aggressive behavior, the act of looking at the actions of others as hostile, concern with self-image and obsessive commitment to actions or rigid, according to Mental health and workplace bullying: The role of power, professions and ‘on the job’ training (2011).
It is often suggested that aggressive behaviors have their origin in childhood: “If aggressive behavior is not challenged in childhood, there is the risk that it becomes habitual. Actually, there is documentary evidence that indicates that the practice of school bullying during childhood puts children at risk of domestic violence and criminal behavior at age adult.”, according to Dealing with bullying and harassment at work (2010).Bullies tend to be hostile, intolerant and use force to solve their problems. But they were also often victims of violence, abuse, genetic vulnerability, school failure and traumatic experiences. Self-destructive behaviors such as alcohol and drugs and unnecessary risks are seen more frequently among the bullies, according to Nurse in Australia (2011).
It is worth noting, that the more nurses are suffering from violence and abuse, the more likely abusers want to repeat these behaviors in their daily life and neglect their own well-being. Bullies primarily use a combination of intimidation and humiliation to torment others. “Nurses should be treated fairly and consistently, and with dignity and respect wherever they work. Their workplace should be free from undue stress, anxiety, fear or intimidation.”, according to Dealing with bullying and harassment at work (2010).It is important to say that some examples of the techniques of harassment in school: insulting the victim; accusing the victim of systematic counting for nothing; repeated physical attacks against a person or against her body or property. Using information technology there is also a practice of cyberbullying (create fake pages, community profiles on the victim or on social networking sites with the publication of photos, etc.); Blackmail; Expressions threatening; Derogatory graffiti, according to How to deal with nurse bullies? (2011).
As a fact, bullying means a physical or psychological pressure, roughness, rudeness down to terror. Cause the victim’s fear and thereby subdue her – the main objective of a typical buller. Nurses suffer from bullying as well, but this can be stopped by raising awareness. Today, too often many nurses do experience bullying and harassment in their workplace, regardless of their position or clinical specialism. All of our lives – is the struggle with bullying in the modern world…
However, the mass of this phenomenon is becoming alarming, and the number of victims is growing. Most researchers argue the topic over the last 20 years, all from a very young age (kindergarten or school) and later (in the military, high school, at work) at least once, and then repeatedly experienced such aggression from the outside. The systematic brutality, rudeness, swearing on the colleagues or management causes a variety of emotions – from anger to despair and even depression, according to Australian Human Rights Commission (2011).
It is important to note that to resist such an evil genius is very difficult, almost impossible to beat him because of that arsenal of his aggression is inexhaustible. It’s like that to go against a tank with a sword. In addition, the bluff, impudence, flattery is hard to overcome humane ways. People have lost their minds and concentrated on bullying and harassment, as their goal is to disturb, according to Description: What’s workplace bullying? (2011).Also, sincere dialogue of the “victim” with the Buller at any time can turn against her, and even blow will be inflicted on the most sensitive spot. But all is not so sad. Where the basis of corporate culture is the understanding and mutual aid, the centers of negative events, which include bullying, can be localized. There are already many companies, while others are still in the making, including through improved intra-relationships, according to Nurse in Australia (2011).
Currently, no one has any doubts that bullying is a huge problem. This is eloquently confirmed by statistics. In 1996, the British Institute of Personnel and Development (IPD) conducted the first survey on bullying. He showed that one in eight British suffered from bullying at work. More than 50% of respondents said that bullying – common practice in the company where they work, according to Dealing with bullying and harassment at work (2010).
The results of the “hot line” bad boss (Bad Boss Hotline) are curious. It was organized a year later the British organization Trade Union Congress (TUC). 38% complained of persecution applied by management, 25% – on the demeaning wages, 15% – on onerous terms of employment contracts, 13% – in overtime, 11% – for unfair dismissal or reduction, 10% – on the health and safety, 4% – for too short a vacation, 3% – the discrimination and persecution based on sex, racial characteristics, age.
It is essential to note that bullying can lead to the fact that the victim loses self-confidence. In this case, it is important to explain to a person that he was “bullied”, and show you how to act in this situation. Some try to “knock down” the activity of Buller’s calm and restraint and work so that it was impossible to undermine. Others complain about the leadership, and if Buller – is a Chief himself, then turn to their superiors, according to What is workplace bullying? (2010). As a fact, still others engage in these “games” and start to fight back using the same methods, which operates Buller, that is, to spoil his reputation, the management point to his mistakes and set up against him “psychologically raw” part of the team. Thus, the company is divided into “camps” and the battle between them continued for many years.
However, the majority believes that the fight requires too much time, effort and nerves (often at work once to get to work – all the time and effort spent on the fight), so a person can just change jobs. All in all, Bullying and harassment undermine physical and mental health, frequently resulting in poor work performance. For some nurses it is so bad they decide to leave their job. I suppose that nurses have to be protected from bullying and they have to feel confident about their job, about their present and future.
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