Asbestosis is a diffuse interstitial fibrosis of the lungs that is directly related to the intensity and duration of exposure of damaging factor. Usually the disease begins to manifest itself in 10 years after a moderate or high exposure to asbestos. Thus, we are going to hypothesize why individuals who smoke and are exposed to asbestos have a significantly higher rate of asbestosis than individuals who do not smoke and are exposed to asbestos.
At the beginning it is possible to mention that asbestosis primarily greatly affects people who are regularly exposed to asbestos. The more person is working with asbestos, the greater the risk of developing asbestos-related diseases. However, in many people who have had really prolonged exposure to asbestos do not develop asbestosis. Thus, there is a group of risk factors, where we can find smoking. There is no doubt that smoking is harmful for people, but we can hypothesize that it is a first step to death for individuals who are exposed to asbestos. Smoking weakens the immune system and makes human organism more open to different kinds of harmful influences. Scientists have proved that asbestosis and smoking increases the risk of lung cancer. In addition, Carroll et al (2002) stated that “cancers of the larynx, pharynx, and buccal cavity in insulators were also found to be associated with cigarette smoking, together with some non-malignant asbestos effects such as fibrosis and deaths due to asbestosis.”
Thus, we have proved that smoking makes a big harm to any person, and individuals who smoke and are exposed to asbestos have a significantly higher rate of asbestosis than individuals who do not smoke and are exposed to asbestos because the first group of individuals destroy their health with smoking and not only kill own lungs, but also influence on the immune system in very bad way.
Carroll, S. et al. (2002). Asbestos Litigation Costs and Compensation: An Interim Report. Rand Institute for Civil Justice.