Almost every child in the school faces bullying. It would be mistake to think that bullying in school is harmless and even useful for child. Studies show that bullying can result to long-term psychological, emotional, and social effect. Many researchers from different countries conducted experiments and proved the negative effect of constant bullying. The objective of this paper is to review the most frequent negative consequences of constant bullying and to review one scholar article regarding the effects of bullying.
Repeated bullying can cause negative effect on child independently on the health. However, traumatizing effect of repeated bullying and peer victimization can be more significant in children with special educational needs. Fekke et al (206) conducted special research to answer whether ill children are more popular objects for bullying and proved that in average ill children are victimized by their peer more often than healthy ones. First, it was proven that children with different health problems more often become victims. Second, the episodes of victimization often lead to numerous new psychosomatic and psychosocial health problems. Smokowski and Kopasz (2005) also notice that victims often turn to bullying as a copying strategy.
Victims of constant bullying can suffer from mental health regression, stammering, poor socialization and other negative effects.
The article by Ken Rigby from University of Southern Australia discusses the influence of repeated bullying on the mental health of schoolchildren. He examines the hypothesis that the mental health of schoolchildren can be undermined by repeated bullying. (Rigby, 2002) He also supposes that children, who suffered from the repeated bullying at school, could be also harmed with having inadequate social support. He provided statistical research in secondary schools of Southern Australia. Totally 845 schoolchildren were administrated anonymously. Many of these schoolchildren reported bullying at school and after school. They were asked about bullying as well as social support available to them. Some other tests also were conducted on these children. The results of testing show multiple regressions in mental health of many children. Rigby provided the statistical data proving that frequent peer victimization and lack of social support have negative impact on mental health. Probably the most important his finding is that low support and frequent victimization contribute significantly, but independently, to poor mental health.
Stammering is another reason of constant bullying. However, stammering can not only become a reason for victimization, but also appear as the consequences of repeated peer bullying. Thus, the research by Hugh-Jones and Smith (1999) was conducted among 276 adult respondents who stammer. All of them were the members of British Stammering Association, a national association for dysfluent people. A majority of respondent suffered from regular bullying at school. Most of them in retrospective consider their victimization at school as the reason of stammering.
Peer victimization represents a significant problem in schools. , Approximately one in three children is affected by bullying. Approximately half of such episodes stay unfamiliar to parents and teachers. Insufficient social support increases effect of constant bullying. It was proven that peer victimization causes negative effects even in healthy children; children with different health problems suffer from numerous new psychosomatic and psychosocial health problems. Thus, it would be reasonable to pay more attention to this problem and to provide reasonable efforts to avoid bullying at schools.
Smokowski, Paul R.; Kopasz, Kelly Holland (2005) «Bullying in School: An Overview of Types, Effects, Family Characteristics, and Intervention Strategies». Children and Schools, Volume 27, Number 2, April 2005 , pp. 101-110(10)
Fekkes, Minne, Pijpers, Frans; Fredriks, Miranda; Verloove-Vanhorick, Pauline. (2006) «Do Bullied Children Get Ill, or Do Ill Children Get Bullied? A Prospective Cohort Study on the Relationship Between Bullying and Health-Related Symptoms» Pediatrics Vol. 117 No. 5 May 2006, pp. 1568-1574 (doi:10.1542/peds.2005-0187)
Rigby, Ken. «Effects of peer victimization in schools and perceived social support on adolescent well-being» Journal of Adolescence, Volume 23, Issue 1, February 2000, Pages 57-68
Hugh-Jones,Siobhan and Smith, Peter K. «Self-reports of short- and long-term effects of bullying on children who stammer». British Journal of Educational Psychology. Volume 69, Issue 2, pages 141–158, June 1999.